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(in Russian, tselostnost’), a general property of objects with a complex internal structure—for example, a society, an individual, a biological population, or a cell. The concept of wholeness expresses the integrality, self-sufficiency, and autonomy of these objects—their juxtaposition to their surroundings, which is linked to their internal activity; it expresses the qualitative distinctiveness of such objects that arises from their inherent specific regularities, or the laws governing their function and development. In Russian, the term tselostnost’ may also be applied to objects that have these properties, in which case it is used as a synonym for “the whole.”

The above-mentioned properties should be understood in the relative rather than in the absolute sense, inasmuch as the object itself has multiple connections with the environment and exists only in unity with that environment. Moreover, the notion of the wholeness of any given object is historically transient, being conditioned by the extent of previous scientific knowledge about that object. Thus in biology the notion of the wholeness of individual organisms was found to be inadequate in certain respects, and the concept of biocenosis was therefore introduced.

The methodological importance of the notion of wholeness is that it emphasizes the need to identify the inner properties of the object as a whole and underscores the fact that its specific properties cannot be adequately explained from without (for example, by using environmental conditions as a starting point). In modern science the concept of wholeness is a basic component of the systems approach.


See references under PARTS AND WHOLES.


References in periodicals archive ?
Retailers may order My Journey to Wholeness through Ingram Book Company and/or Spring Arbor Book Distributors.
In fact, The Unbearable Wholeness of Being can be construed as a summary and application of Teilhard's literary corpus of nine books and many essays and articles.
Therefore, implied in the direct, non-conceptual experience of the world, which is always happening in one's living process, is simultaneity or wholeness.
Yet, the wholeness that heals is a wholeness that remains wounded by the knowledge that others continue to be wounded and that the world remains in anguish.
If by "catholicity" we mean a fullness that can never be possessed and a wholeness that can never be materialized (at least in this world), then adhering to a body of doctrine and a moral code will stymie an institution's ability to reach out to the world, and "hospitality" is the most we can hope for.
The greater good we all seek as we work together and widen the circle is nothing short of a miracle of healing and wholeness for congregations and communities everywhere.
A HEALING and Wholeness Service will be held at Gledholt Methodist Church on Sunday May 16 at 3pm.
In the journey of our lives, God intervenes as a spiritual power and leads us toward wholeness.
This model focuses on creating an environment where individuals can move from therapeutic wholeness to existential wholeness by means of relationship.
Although he recognizes the divisiveness of certain beliefs on both sides of the East/West spectrum and the universally human "ability to deny the Spirit of God within us, which is to refuse to accept or give love," he believes that wholeness becomes possible when we come to the deep awareness that no matter where we are coming from on the belief spectrum, all of it is worthless without love.
In other words, we need to accurately assess the wholeness from which the building unfolds.
As our class on wholeness and pattern got started, I remember thinking, "Yeah .