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(in Russian, tselostnost’), a general property of objects with a complex internal structure—for example, a society, an individual, a biological population, or a cell. The concept of wholeness expresses the integrality, self-sufficiency, and autonomy of these objects—their juxtaposition to their surroundings, which is linked to their internal activity; it expresses the qualitative distinctiveness of such objects that arises from their inherent specific regularities, or the laws governing their function and development. In Russian, the term tselostnost’ may also be applied to objects that have these properties, in which case it is used as a synonym for “the whole.”

The above-mentioned properties should be understood in the relative rather than in the absolute sense, inasmuch as the object itself has multiple connections with the environment and exists only in unity with that environment. Moreover, the notion of the wholeness of any given object is historically transient, being conditioned by the extent of previous scientific knowledge about that object. Thus in biology the notion of the wholeness of individual organisms was found to be inadequate in certain respects, and the concept of biocenosis was therefore introduced.

The methodological importance of the notion of wholeness is that it emphasizes the need to identify the inner properties of the object as a whole and underscores the fact that its specific properties cannot be adequately explained from without (for example, by using environmental conditions as a starting point). In modern science the concept of wholeness is a basic component of the systems approach.


See references under PARTS AND WHOLES.


References in periodicals archive ?
The Reflexive Universe describes seven stages of process through four levels, and The Geometry of Meaning accounts for the four levels as divisions of Wholeness.
Both demanding and daring, The Unbearable Wholeness of Being offered this reader an opportunity to contextualize contemporary anxieties about meaning within an expansive cosmological framework.
The first example allows the spontaneous quality and therefore the wholeness of the present moment to be recognized, while the second fractures the present moment, often unconsciously and habitually imposing conditioned attitudes from the past, thus dividing one's sense of self from realizing the always available wholeness.
Now, as Jesus' disciples, we are to continue this same mission of healing and restoring human persons to God's wholeness in a world of on-going brokenness.
This understanding of wholeness has changed my life and my work in so many ways.
Not really a diagram of Mendelsohn's Bexhill Pavilion but this conceptual sketch brings together the wholeness of his intention by the use of a single set of fluent penstrokes carrying clear dynamic messages of the early Modern Movement.
Let our goals be as large as a return to the wholeness we all had naturally as children--as a return to the wellness or wholeness that occurs when there is balance between our intellects, our imaginations, and our emotions.
We have been considering this week the churches ministry of wholeness and healing.
In a nutshell: Lonely guy helps perky spirit achieve wholeness in a gloppy but winning romance.
He said: "I cannot be part of this irresponsible move that divides the people and harms Israel's security and will in the future pose a danger for the wholeness of Jerusalem.
The biographies do not stand alone but rather serve as lenses through which Hunt invites women today to read the tapestry of their own lives and to begin their own "journey toward wholeness.