Wilbur Wright


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Wright, Wilbur:

see Wright BrothersWright brothers,
American airplane inventors and aviation pioneers. Orville Wright 1871–1948, was born in Dayton, Ohio, and Wilbur Wright, 1867–1912, near New Castle, Ind.
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Wright, Wilbur

aviation pioneers, inventors. The sons of a minister (later bishop) of the United Brethren Church, they showed mechanical genius from boyhood, although neither bothered to graduate from high school. In 1892 they opened a bicycle sales and repair shop in Dayton, Ohio, and soon were making and selling their own bicycles. Reading about experiments with gliders spurred their interest in flight, and they built their first glider in 1899, a biplane kite with wings that could be twisted mechanically. The brothers made their first trip to Kitty Hawk, N.C., in 1900 to conduct glider experiments on the sand hills there. Back in Dayton they built the first wind tunnel and prepared their own tables of lift-pressures for various wing surfaces and wind speeds. They also built a powerful four-cylinder engine and an efficient propeller, and in September 1903 they returned to Kitty Hawk. Bad weather delayed the testing of this aircraft until December 17, 1903, when Orville piloted it on a flight of 12 seconds and 120 feet; Wilbur flew later in the day, staying aloft for 59 seconds to cover 852 feet. The brothers built two sturdier, more reliable planes over the next two years and in 1906 received a U.S. patent for a powered aircraft. Initially they sold their plane to the British and French governments, but in 1908 the U.S. War Department contracted for a Wright flying machine for the army. In 1909 they formed the American Wright Company and proceeded to manufacture their improved planes and to train pilots. Wilbur, a bachelor as was his brother, died of typhoid in May 1912. In 1915 Orville—who had continued to test fly all his planes—retired from the aircraft manufacturing business to pursue his own research interests. During World I he accepted a commission as a major to serve as a consultant to the army air service and he served for many years on the National Advisory Committee for Aeronautics.
References in periodicals archive ?
The Wright Brother Brother Legacy: Orville and Wilbur Wright and their Aeroplanes.
Orville and Wilbur Wright invented and flew the first power-driven, heavier-than-air flying machine in 1903.
Wilbur Wright had written after the discouraging results In 1901 that man would not fly for a thousand years.
All this while the Wrights had been working in secrecy--but on hearing of Santos-Dumont's achievement, Wilbur Wright wrote to Captain Ferber of the Aereo Club of France:
After all, it was a celebration honoring the achievements of hometown boys Orville and Wilbur Wright, who built their famous plane in their Dayton, Ohio, bicycle shop.
The Wright Flyer built by Orville and Wilbur Wright was the first to achieve what had previously been only dreamed about or sketched on paper: a successful flight of a heavier-than-air craft powered by an internal combustion engine.
Circuit Court, Western District of New York, Orville and Wilbur Wright submitted an affidavit in the case of Orville and Wilbur Wright vs.
Frank Stuart Patterson, a test pilot who lost his life on June 19, 1918, in the crash of his DH-4 aircraft at what was then called Wilbur Wright Field.
It'd be even tougher for me to begin describing anything about the experimental glider used by Orville and Wilbur Wright in October 1902 to get the ball rolling a century ago.
But on December 17 1903, Orville and Wilbur Wright put their flying machine to the test.