Wilbur and Orville Wright


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Wright, Wilbur and Orville

 

Wilbur, born Apr. 16, 1867, in Millville, Ind.; died May 30, 1912, in Dayton, Ohio. Or-ville, born Aug. 19, 1871, in Dayton, Ohio; died there Jan. 30, 1948. American inventors, airplane builders, and aviators.

From early childhood the Wright brothers showed a great interest in athletics and engineering. They first had a small printing shop in Dayton and later established a bicycle repair shop. They became interested in aviation after news of the death of the German aeronautical engineer O. Lilienthal. After studying works on aviation by S. Langley, O. Chanute, and Lilienthal, they constructed gliders of various designs and made almost a thousand flights.

In 1903 the Wright brothers equipped their glider with an 8.85-kilowatt (12-hp) internal-combustion engine that they had designed themselves and on Dec. 17, 1903, made the world’s first successful flight, which lasted 59 seconds. Between 1904 and 1908 they made two improved versions of their airplane and also made the first flight in a circle, lasting 38 minutes. They later made the first flight with passengers on board. In 1908 and 1909 the brothers demonstrated their plane in Europe in hopes of selling it to the war departments of various countries. Although the design of the Wright brothers’ airplane was used to build airplanes in Germany and Russia until 1913 and although various improvements were made, the plane did not receive wide distribution. In 1909 the Wright brothers founded a company in the United States to manufacture their airplanes.

WORKS

“The Wright Brothers’ Aeroplane.” The Century Magazine, 1908, vol. 76, no. 5.

REFERENCES

Zenkevich, M. Brat’ia Rait. Moscow, 1933.
Znamenskii, G. A. “70 let so dnia uspeshnogo poleta samoleta brat’ev Rait.” In lz istorii aviatsii i kosmonavtiki, fasc. 19. Moscow, 1973.
References in periodicals archive ?
The notion of flight first captivated Wilbur and Orville Wright through an unlikely prop: a spinning toy that could fly up to 50 feet in the air, which their father brought home as a gift in 1878 when they were about 11 and 7 years old.
Wilbur and Orville Wright haul an ungainly craft from a shed and ready it for another attempt at powered, manned flight.
With their amazing achievement, Wilbur and Orville Wright amply demonstrated that the dawn of the 20th century was the dawn of a new era.
Today marks the 100th anniversary of the first powered flight, achieved by brothers Wilbur and Orville Wright at Kitty Hawk, North Carolina.
Wilbur and Orville Wright showed the world that no dream is impossible and in the process altered the course of history forever.
Their job is to write a brief newspaper article or a letter to Wilbur and Orville Wright.
Nearly one-third of the Wilbur and Orville Wright Papers, totaling 30,000 items, will be made accessible online.
If only there had been more bicycles on South Island perhaps we would never have heard of Wilbur and Orville Wright.
Dayton, Ohio - the hometown of Wilbur and Orville Wright - has begun celebrating the 100th anniversary of the brothers' first flight.
The first recipients were fliers Wilbur and Orville Wright in 1909.