Wilhelm Röpke

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Röpke, Wilhelm

 

Born Oct. 10, 1899, in Schwarmstedt, Germany; died Feb. 12, 1966, in Geneva. Swiss economist.

Röpke received his higher education at the universities of Göttingen, Tübingen, and Marburg. From 1922 to 1929 he taught at the universities of Marburg, Jena, and Graz and from 1930 to 1932 was in governnment service. He was a professor at the University of Istanbul from 1933 to 1937 and a professor at an institute of international studies in Geneva from 1937 to 1966. In the early 1930’s he joined the advocates of the theories of regulated capitalism in calling on the bourgeois state to play an active role in economic life. In the late 1930’s he moved to a position of neoliberalism.

Röpke was one of the founders of the theory of the social market economy. He devoted a great deal of attention to questions of international economic and currency-credit relations, market conditions, and economic crises. He proposed removing quantitative and currency restrictions on trade between nonsocialist countries and supported freedom of currency convertibility and the elimination of regional economic blocs. A militant apologist for capitalism and an ardent foe of socialism, Röpke recommended that the bourgeois governments follow a discriminatory trade policy in relation to the socialist countries, particularly the USSR.

WORKS

Die Konjunktur. Jena, 1922.
Die Theorie der Kapitalbildung. Tübingen, 1929.
Civitas Humana. Erlenbach-Zürich, 1944.
Internationale Ordnung. Erlenbach-Zürich, 1945.
Explication économique du monde moderne. Paris, 1946.
1st die deutsche Wirtschaftspolitik richtig? Stuttgart-Cologne, 1950.

N. P. DRACHEVA

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Consider two men whose thought may point the United States in the right direction: the German economist Wilhelm Ropke and the Austrian-turned-American management scholar Peter Drucker.
Among the thinkers whose works Koronacki invokes most often are Russell Kirk, Thomas Molnar, Peter Lawler, Claes Ryn, Wilhelm Ropke (while lamenting the scarcity of conservative writings on economics), Orestes Brownson, and the neoconservative Francis Fukuyama.
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The seventeen essays range widely, encompassing religious networks like the Comite International de Defense de la Civilisation Chretienne, inspired by the idea of a 'Christian civilization'; the Paix et Liberte, movement, which linked anti-communist propaganda groups in a number of western European countries in the 1950s; the World Anti-Communist League, which welcomed representatives from 60 countries at its inaugural conference in 1967, many of them Asian; and influential figures who interested themselves in promoting the anti-communist cause across national lines, such as Britain's Brian Crozier and the German economist (though Swiss domiciled) Wilhelm Ropke.
Wilhelm Ropke (1899-1966), however, is one of a number of twentieth-century free market economists who explored the issue of the relationship between morality and economics in detail and in a manner that went far beyond the utility calculations to which some economists and others are inclined to reduce this question.
So, on the one hand, he borrows liberally from the ideas of Aristotle, the Scottish philosophers Adam Ferguson and David Hume, American radical individualist Albert Jay Nock, and the German free-market social thinker Wilhelm Ropke.
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Wilhelm Ropke (October 10, 1899 - February 12, 1966) was a professor of economics, first in Jena, then in Graz, Marburg, Istanbul, and finally Geneva, Switzerland.
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The founding ordo-liberal thinkers were Walter Eucken (1891-1950), Alexander Rustow (1885-1963), Wilhelm Ropke (1899-1966) and Alfred Muller-Armack (1901-78).
Wilhelm Ropke es una figura muy interesante porque fue un prominente economista comprometido en la defensa de la economia de libre mercado.