Wilkinson, James

Wilkinson, James,

1757–1825, American general and one of the most corrupt and devious officers in the nation's early army, b. Calvert co., Md. Abandoning his medical studies in 1776 to join the army commanded by George Washington, he served as a captain in Benedict Arnold's unsuccessful Quebec campaignQuebec campaign,
1775–76, of the American Revolution. The Continental Congress decided to send an expedition to Canada to protect the northern frontier from British attack and to persuade Canada to join the revolt against England. Late in Aug., 1775, Gen.
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. Later he was Gen. Horatio Gates's deputy adjutant general in the Saratoga campaignSaratoga campaign,
June–Oct., 1777, of the American Revolution. Lord George Germain and John Burgoyne were the chief authors of a plan to end the American Revolution by splitting the colonies along the Hudson River.
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 and was given the honor of bringing to Congress the news of General Burgoyne's defeat. Congress censured Wilkinson for delay in carrying the dispatch but rewarded him by promoting him to brigadier general (1777) and making him secretary to the board of war (1778), a position he was forced to leave because of his implication in the Conway CabalConway Cabal,
1777, intrigue in the American Revolution to remove George Washington as commander in chief of the Continental Army. Washington had been defeated at Brandywine and Germantown, and Horatio Gates was flushed with success by his victory in the Saratoga campaign.
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. He was (1779–81) clothier general of the army but resigned when charged with irregularities in his accounts.

Wilkinson moved to Kentucky in 1784. Shortly thereafter, he became a key figure in the plan to induce what was then the SW United States to form a separate nation allied to Spain. Wilkinson apparently took an oath of allegiance to Spain, received a Spanish pension of $2,000 (and later $4,000) a year, and acted as a secret agent of the Spanish government for many years. To the Spanish authorities in New Orleans he represented his agitation for the separation of Kentucky from Virginia as part of the secession scheme; there is no indication, however, that he revealed any such motivation to the Kentucky conventions, in which others had expressed sentiments in favor of a separate republic of Kentucky.

In 1791, Wilkinson reentered the army as a lieutenant colonel, and in 1792 he again attained the rank of brigadier general, serving under Anthony Wayne. On Wayne's death (1796) Wilkinson became (1797) commander in chief of the entire army, even though he was still in the pay of the Spanish. While governor (1805–6) of the Louisiana Territory, he became involved in the schemes of Aaron BurrBurr, Aaron,
1756–1836, American political leader, b. Newark, N.J., grad. College of New Jersey (now Princeton). Political Career

A brilliant law student, Burr interrupted his study to serve in the American Revolution and proved himself a valiant soldier in
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. Alarmed when he realized that his association with Burr was common knowledge, Wilkinson informed President Jefferson that Burr was plotting to disrupt the Union. Although he was chief prosecution witness at Burr's trial, he narrowly escaped indictment. Subsequently (1811) he was cleared, but just barely, by an army board of inquiry. In the War of 1812 as supreme commander on the Canadian frontier, he failed signally in the campaign to take Montreal and was relieved of his command. Once again an official inquiry left him untouched. He wrote Memoirs of My Own Times (3 vol., 1816) in an attempt to answer his many critics. He died in Mexico, where he spent his last years.


See biographies by J. R. Jacobs (1938), T. R. Hay and M. R. Werner (1941), and A. Linklater (2009); J. E. Weems, Men without Countries (1969).

Wilkinson, James

(1757–1825) soldier, conspirator; born in Calvert County, Md. He served in the American Revolution under Benedict Arnold and Horatio Gates and joined the Conway Cabal, the group that schemed against Washington. Seemingly a conspirator by nature, he intrigued with Aaron Burr to establish a separate nation on the western frontier; when the plot was discovered, he had the effrontery to order Burr's arrest. Leader of the failed expedition to Montreal (1813), Wilkinson left the army in 1815.
References in periodicals archive ?
Bride Claire with maid of honour Louise Radmore, above left, Craig, best man David Lee and ushers Ross Wilkinson, James Wilde, | Callum Douglas and Matty Carter and Warren Lee, four, top centre, the happy couple in church, right, and signing the register with little son Oliver, groom's dad Terry Wilkinson, groom's mum Janice Douglas and bride's mum and dad Ros and Billy Wilde, above right
Front row: Richard Steadman, Harry Freeth, Ashley Boyles, Rohan Stacey - Grant, Henry Wilkinson, James Barnett, Aaron Davis, William Cambridge, Edward Garside, Jack Pilcher, Robert Denton, Tom Watson, Rory Jones, Aaron Wilson (
Political thriller from director Roman Polanski, starring Ewan McGregor, Pierce Brosnan, Kim Cattrall, Olivia Williams, Tom Wilkinson, James Belushi, Timothy Hutton and Jon Bernthal.
The squad contains a few players who play for Wales' two professional clubs - Callum Wilkinson, James Gahan, Yannic Parker and Patrick Evans from South Wales Scorpions and Owain Griffiths, Iwan Brown, Kriss Wilkes and Andrew Oakden from North Wales Crusaders.
Squad members Jonny Wilkinson, James Haskell and Tom Palmer all play T their club rugby in France, while prop Andrew Sheridan has been linked with a move to Toulon when his Sale T Sharks contract expires next summer.
Summary: Players like Jonny Wilkinson, James Haskell and Tom Palmer may not be allowed to play for their national team in the future.
Squad members Jonny Wilkinson, James Haskell and Tom Palmer all play their club rugby in France, while prop Andrew Sheridan has been linked with a move to Toulon when his Sale Sharks contract expires next summer.
Other confirmed speakers include Peter Acworth, Daniel Altman, Paolo Antonelli, Amar Bhide, Sara Beckman, Scott Berkun, Mark Bernstein, Larry Brilliant, Tim Brown, Ed Catmull, Clayton Christensen, Jared Diamond, Juan Enriquez, Amy Edmondson, Kathleen Eisenhardt, Juan Enriquez, Judy Estrin, Dan Esty, George Halvorson, Kris Halvorsen, Arianna Huffington, Larry Huston, Joi Ito, Richard Jefferson, John Kao, Jordan Kassalow, David Kelley, Claudia Kotcha, Andrew Kuper, Ray Kurzweil, Richard Lyons, Roger Martin, Mary McDowell, Mickey McManus, Matt Mullenweg, Jacqueline Novogratz, Michael Porter, Paul Saffo, Annalee Saxenian, Jonathan Schooler, Mark Smith, Andrew Speight, David Tennenhouse, Andrew Thompson, Amy Wilkinson, James Wilsdon, and Nathan Wolfe.
The fact he can see the game only getting worse is why he is quitting Wasps at the end of the season to join the likes of Jonny Wilkinson, James Haskell and Riki Flutey earning the big Euros across the Channel.
DERRY: B Gillis, M Dunne, B Og McAlary, M Craig, M McGoldrick, D McBride, B McGuigan, L Hinphey, G O'Kane, Charlie Kielt, K McGuckian, B McGoldrick, Ciaran Mullan, S L McGoldrick, N McCusker, M Bateson, F Doherty, Patsy Bradley, J Diver, A McCartney, B Mullan, R Wilkinson, James Kielt, M Lynch, E Lynn, Declan Mullan, Eoin Bradley, Seamus Bradley, C O'Boyle, A McLaughlin, E Brown, Paddy Bradley.
He has also recently agreed a new three-year contract with Gloucester - remaining at Kingsholm rather than following the likes of Jonny Wilkinson, James Haskell and Tom Palmer to France.
England currently have three members of their senior elite squad - Jonny Wilkinson, James Haskell and Tom Palmer - playing club rugby in the Top 14.