Willem de Kooning


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Related to Willem de Kooning: Abstract Expressionism, Franz Kline, Mark Rothko

de Kooning, Willem

(də ko͞o`nĭng), 1904–97, American painter, b. Netherlands; studied Rotterdam Academy of Fine Arts and Techniques. De Kooning immigrated to the United States, arriving as a stowaway in 1926 and settling in New York City, where he worked on the Federal Arts Project (1935). He began experiments with abstraction as early as 1928, but continued to produce realistic paintings throughout the 1930s, and he later oscillated between an abstracted figuration and pure abstraction. Influenced by Arshile GorkyGorky, Arshile
, c.1900–48, American painter, b. Armenia as Vosdanig Adoian. He escaped the Turkish slaughter of Armenians, emigrated to the United States in 1920, studied at Boston's New School of Design, and moved to New York City in 1925.
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, de Kooning forged a powerful abstract style and in the 1940s became a leader of abstract expressionismabstract expressionism,
movement of abstract painting that emerged in New York City during the mid-1940s and attained singular prominence in American art in the following decade; also called action painting and the New York school.
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. In his monumental series of the early 1950s entitled Woman, he reintroduced a representational element. Woman I (1950–52; Mus. of Modern Art, New York City), with its startling ferocity, brought him considerable notice and some notoriety. He subsequently reverted chiefly to nonfigurative work, but during the 1960s, when he moved to Long Island, he also produced more paintings of women as well as many works with landscape elements. In this period de Kooning also created semiabstract sculptural figures in bronze and several lithographs. He created a dazzling group of painterly abstractions in the 1970s.

Slashed with color and formed with eloquent brushstrokes, de Kooning's often huge canvases are charged with explosive energy; many are widely considered some of the masterpieces of abstract expressionism. His last works, produced (1980–90) when he was increasingly affected by Alzheimer's disease, include hundreds of large canvases in elegantly composed configurations; their elements are pared down, and their limited, mainly primary colors form sinuously intertwining ribbons. In some sense, de Kooning's art endured amid his encroaching dementia until he stopped painting in mid-1990. He was married to the painter Elaine Fried de Kooning (1920–1989).

Bibliography

See biographies by H. F. Gaugh (1983), L. Hall (1993, repr. 2000), and M. Stevens and A. Swan (2004); studies by H. Rosenberg (1974), D. Waldman (1978 and 1988), D. Cateforis (1994), D. Sylvester et al. (1994), G. Garrels and R. Storr (1995), S. Yard (1997), K. Kertess et al. (1998), C. Morris (1999), E. Liever (2000), and S. F. Lake (2010).

de Kooning, Willem

(1904–  ) painter; born in Rotterdam, Holland. He came to America in 1926, and is considered, along with Jackson Pollock, a leader in abstract expressionism, the New York-based school of painting that rejected naturalistic content. Examples of this period include his dramatic Black Paintings (1946–48), which were limited to black-and-white colors using enamel and oil paints. His later work became increasingly figurative, and The Woman series, beginning in 1950, brought him notoriety due to his brutal and often erotic treatment of his subject matter.
References in periodicals archive ?
The first artist shown in the exhibition is Willem de Kooning, representing the heroes of Abstract Expressionism.
Among the chosen authors in the exhibition, the names of Andy Warhol, Willem de Kooning, Jasper Johns, Donald Sultan, Jim Dine, Robert Longo and Keith Haring stand out.
An abstract expressionist and member of the New York School (a large group of artists which included Willem de Kooning, Louise Bourgeois, Helen Frankenthaler, Jackson Pollock, Philip Guston, Cy Twombly and Mark Rothko), Vicente was clearly influenced by the oceanside light and by the open land and immense skyscapes of the East End.
Fue un atrevido viraje que hizo cambiar el rumbo a la pintura surrealista y abrio vistas desconocidas a los jovenes artistas de los Estados Unidos, entre ellos: Jackson Pollock, Arshile Gorky, Mark Rothko, Willem de Kooning, William Baziotes y Robert Motherwell.
Honed as a painter in the brief heyday of Abstract Expressionism, before Pop Art obliterated that movement and made it instantly obsolescent, Strautmanis stubbornly admired the work and painterly philosophies of Willem de Kooning and Hans Hofmann.
In New York for the beginning stages of her career, Wilson moved in art circles which included Jackson Pollack, Robert Motherwell, Franz Kline, Willem de Kooning, and Philip Guston; many of whom were producing "fascinating examples of a new abstract style, which came to be known as Abstract Expressionism.
For Hemingway, that meant scrutinizing and then modeling his writing after the skewed perspectives and disjointed landscapes of Paul Cezanne, and for Mailer that meant appropriating for his art the erratic swirls and painterly distortions of Willem de Kooning, a leading figure among the American Abstract Expressionists of the 1950s and 1960s in New York.
Si bien al contemplar esa pieza es inevitable recordar el famoso dibujo de Willem de Kooning que borro Robert Rauschenberg en 1953, tambien es inevitable aceptar la audacia creativa y reflexiva que en esa y otras piezas ha desarrollado en los ultimos tiempos Gabriel de la Mora.
For the most part, this monster canvas is reminiscent of a formless Willem de Kooning woman infused with the whimsicality of Al Held.
Featuring highlights of the permanent collection of the Museum of Contemporary Art, Los Angeles, the title includes short essays and full-color photographs of pieces from artists such as Andy Warhol, Kara Walker, Bill Viola, Cy Twombly, Frank Stella, Cindy Sherman, Julian Schnabel, Edward Ruscha, Mark Rothko, Robert Rauschenberg, Jackson Pollock, Kenneth Noland, Louise Nevelson, Piet Mondrian, Agnes Martin, Morris Louis, Sol Le Witt, Willem de Kooning, Franz Kline, Ellsworth Kelly, Donald Judd, Arshile Gorky, Sam Francis, Jean-Michel Basquiat, Diane Arbus, and over 100 others.
Ones cast by such giants of New York abstract expressionism as Willem de Kooning, Mark Rothko and Clyfford Still (the latter two of whom Diebenkorn had met, and been inspired by, in the late 1940s).
I am influenced by German expressionism, Willem De Kooning, Jackson Pollock and Franz Kline.