Bartram, William

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Bartram, William,

1739–1823, American naturalist, b. Philadelphia; son of John BartramBartram, John
, 1699–1777, pioneer American botanist, b. near Darby, Pa. He had no formal schooling but possessed a keen mind and a great interest in plants. In 1728 he purchased land along the banks of the Schuylkill River near Philadelphia and planted there the first
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. He is known chiefly for his Travels (1791), in which he describes his journey (1773–77) through the Carolinas, Georgia, and Florida and areas to the west. His book vividly portrays the plants and wildlife of the country and lists 215 native birds, the most complete list of that time. Bartram's influence is seen in the works of Wordsworth, Coleridge, Chateaubriand, and other writers who found his book an unexcelled source of descriptions of the American wilderness and its inhabitants.

Bibliography

See T. Hallock and N. E. Hoffmann, ed., William Bartram, The Search for Nature's Design: Selected Art, Letters, and Unpublished Writings (2010).

Bartram, William

(1739–1823) botanist; born in Kingsessing (Philadelphia), Pa. As a youth he showed a talent for drawing specimens collected by his father, John Bartram, America's first botanist, but he first worked as a merchant and trader (1757–61). In 1765 he accompanied his father on an expedition to Florida, and remained in the American south, drawing natural flora, gathering botanical specimens, becoming an accomplished ornithologist, and befriending both colonial planters and members of indigenous tribes. After his father's death (1777), he returned to Pennsylvania to become a partner with his brother John Bartram to care for his father's botanical garden (1777–1812). He declined a professorship of botany at the University of Pennsylvania (1782), preferring to write on natural history and his observations on Indians; his literary accounts of his travels greatly influenced the 19th-century romantic movement; Travels through North and South Carolina, Georgia etc. (1791) is regarded as his masterpiece. In 1786, William Bartram was elected to the American Philosophical Society. He remained active as a botanist, dying suddenly after writing a description of a plant.
References in periodicals archive ?
William Bartram was 27 years old when he and his father returned to Philadelphia after the one year expedition to Florida.
The Flower Hunter and the People: William Bartram in the Native American Southeast
Luck is also in his genes, it seems, since the 'family' cited in his subtitle is an extraordinary one, including Anni Albers (artist, 1899-1994) and William Bartram (Philadelphia naturalist, 1739-1823).
More literature is to be found in travel writing by William Bartram, Francis Parkman, and John Stephens, he believes, than "in any number of nineteenth-century novels.
William Bartram figures in one of Wulf's central stories in the book.
Paynes Prairie was known as the Alachua Savanna in the late 1700s/early 1800s when it was visited and described by the noted naturalist, William Bartram.
A key element in the book centers on a "search for meaning in nature," and here Judd illuminates an intellectual framework that not only guided naturalists such as William Bartram and Benjamin Smith Barton, but also shaped later generations of conservationists and environmentalists, linking a colonial era aesthetic to modern ideas regarding environmental stewardship (p.
It was first discovered in 1765 by Philadelphia botanists John and William Bartram who named it after close friend Benjamin Franklin.
This strange turn of events came about when Coleridge read a famous best seller of the 1700s by American naturalist William Bartram, who explored this area and wrote about it in such baroque and dramatic terms that Coleridge read it, smoked a little opium (for his nerves, he told people) and voila--the Romantic Movement was born.
The Travels of William Bartram by William Bartram The Journals of Lewis and Clark by William Clark and Meriwether Lewis Broadsides From the Other Orders: A Book of Bugs by Sue Hubbell Biophilia by Edward O.
Weidensaul patiently and methodically sketches the scientific and artistic contributions of the most famous early birders, including Mark Catesby, William Bartram, and John James Audubon, as well as many less known figures.
The year 1756 marks the start of the Seven Years War and alliances between the British and the Six Nations which led to increasing contact and co-operation, and so to more closely informed narratives such as those of Samuel Hearne, James Adair, and William Bartram.