William Cullen Bryant
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Bryant, William Cullen
Born Nov. 3, 1794, in Cummington; died June 12, 1878, in New York. American poet. One of the initiators of the romantic movement in American literature. Son of a doctor.
Bryant began to publish at age 13. The collection Poems (1821) was influenced by the “cemetery” poetry of E. Young and T. Gray and the lyrics of W. Wordsworth (the poem “Thanatopsis,” 1821; the stanzas “To a Waterfowl,” 1815). Bryant created beautiful pictures of American nature and village life in verse meditations in traditional form. In the poem “The Ages” (1821) the poet expressed his dream of the coming golden age.
Bryant hailed national liberation struggles in Greece, Spain, and Italy, supported the struggle of workers against capitalism, and demanded an end to slavery in the USA. He published Letters of a Traveler (1850). Bryant was one of the best English translators of Homer.
WORKSThe Complete Poems. New York, .
In Russian translation:
In Zenkevich, M. Iz amerikanskikh poetov. Moscow, 1946.
REFERENCEIstoriia amerikanskoi literatury, vol. 1. Moscow-Leningrad, 1947.
A. IA. SERGEEV