William Henry Perkin

Perkin, William Henry

 

(the Elder). Born Mar. 12, 1838, in London; died July 14, 1907, in Sudbury, Middlesex. English organic chemist. From 1853 a student of A. von Hof-mann at the Royal College of Chemistry in London; later became Hofmann’s assistant. President of the Chemical Society in 1884–85.

In 1856, Perkin obtained the purple dye mauve, one of the first synthetic organic dyes; he set up a factory for its commercial production. In 1868 he discovered a method for preparing aromatic unsaturated (β-arylacrylic) acids. Perkin also studied the relationship between the structure of a compound and the rotation of the plane of polarization of light in a magnetic field.

REFERENCE

Meldola, R. “W. H. Perkin.” Journal of the Chemical Society, 1908, vols. 93–94, no. 554, PP. 2214–57.
References in periodicals archive ?
USA], Mar 12 (ANI): Google Doodle on Monday honoured British chemist Sir William Henry Perkin on what would have been his 180th birthday.
In 1856, the colour became more accessible when a British chemist named William Henry Perkin patented a process for synthetic purple, which he achieved as he was trying to concoct a treatment for malaria.
And long-term exposure to synthetic dyes " first discovered in 1856 by an English chemist, William Henry Perkin " has been linked to cancer and other illnesses.
Perkin was the second son of Sir William Henry Perkin who, in 1856, discovered mauveine and went into the industry producing the first synthetic dye.
Then William Henry Perkin and Heinrich Caro put the farmers out of business.
Established in 1906, the Perkin Medal commemorates the discovery of the first synthetic dye by Sir William Henry Perkin in 1856, and, says SCI, "organic chemistry's beginnings as a major segment of the chemical industry.
Anniversaries: 1907: Death of Sir William Henry Perkin, chemist and inventor of aniline dyes; 1930: The first BBC television play The Man With a Flower in His Mouth transmitted; 1965: Death of American politician and diplomat Adlai Stevenson; 1972: Gary Glitter and the Glittermen played their first gig in Wiltshire.
In 1856 a young British chemistry student, William Henry Perkin (1838-1907), was trying to synthesize quinine, the antimalarial drug.
E[acute accent]The Perkin Medal was created in honor of Sir William Henry Perkin (1838-1907), who at the age of 18 created the world's first synthetic aniline dye, which revolutionized color chemistry and opened up new possibilities for a whole range of industries; most notably, textiles and clothing.
And long-term exposure to synthetic dyes - first discovered in 1856 by an English chemist, William Henry Perkin - has been linked to cancer and other illnesses.
And that's just what William Henry Perkin did back in 1856 when he produced the world's first artificial dye.