William Jackson Hooker


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Hooker, William Jackson

 

Born July 6, 1785, in Norwich; died Aug. 12, 1865, in London. English botanist. Father of J. D. Hooker.

In 1820, Hooker became a professor at the University of Glasgow. He was director of the Botanical Gardens in Kew (1841–65), which he developed into the greatest center for the study of world flora. One of the most prominent taxonomists of his time, he published numerous works on the flora of England, America, and Africa and on Pteropsida. He founded a number of journals and series, including Icones plantarum (1836), which is still being published.

WORKS

Species filicum, vols. 1–5. London, 1846–64.

REFERENCE

Hooker, J. D. “A Sketch of the Life and Labors of Sir W. J. Hooker.” Annals of Botany, 1902, vol. 16, no. 64.
References in periodicals archive ?
En 1835 explora la region de Banos, acompanado de Vicente Rocafuerte (1783-1847); entonces publica su <<Physical and Geographical observations made in Colombia>>, en el Companion to the Botanical Magazine, que editara sir William Jackson Hooker (1785-1865) (Jameson 1835), de marcada base antropologica, fuertemente inspirado, en lo que a la geografia botanica respecta, en los trabajos de Jose de Caldas (1768-1816) y en el que realiza algunas correcciones a las observaciones humboldtianas publicadas en el Essai sur la geographie des plantes .
En mayo de 1844 realiza una expedicion botanica por Guaranda, Sinchig y las Salinas; de ella dara cuenta en las paginas de The London Journal of Botany, de nuevo al cuidado editorial de sir William Jackson Hooker (Jameson 1845); en esta misma revista habia dado a la luz unas notas sobre la flora del Ecuador (Jameson 1843); en ellas el editor informa de la posibilidad de adquirir ejemplares de las plantas resenadas:
William Jameson actuo como generador de una red de corresponsales entre Quito y los Royal Botanical Gardens, en la que participaron, ademas de el mismo, Francisc Hall y sir William Jackson Hooker (Sevilla & Sevilla 2013: 86-89).
Look out too for illustrations by Glasgow-born Walter Hood Fitch (1817-1892) a member of a select group of illustrators for Curtis's magazine alongside William Kilburn, James Sowerby, Sydenham Edwards and William Jackson Hooker, all of whose work is sought after by today's collectors.
His father William Jackson Hooker was the director of the Royal Botanical Gardens at Kew.
The elder Hooker, also a botanist, was the Director of the Royal Botanic Gardens in Kew, a position to which his son Joseph Dalton would eventually succeed William Jackson Hooker is the Hooker after whom Douglas named the hyper-elevated Mount Hooker.
William Jackson Hooker, when professor of botany at the university of Glasgow, was the author of Exotic Flora with 3 volumes from 1823-1827 published in Edinburgh, containing 232 coloured engravings of exotic plants.
Beautiful lithographed flower prints by such artists as William Kilburn, James Sowerby, Sydenham Edwards, William Jackson Hooker and Walter Hood Fitch are still readily available and can be had for PS100-200 apiece.
Curtis died in 1799 after which John Sims took over as editor, later to be followed by William Jackson Hooker, John Dalton Hooker and William Turner Thistleton-Dyer, all directors of Kew Gardens.