William Jackson Hooker
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Hooker, William Jackson
Born July 6, 1785, in Norwich; died Aug. 12, 1865, in London. English botanist. Father of J. D. Hooker.
In 1820, Hooker became a professor at the University of Glasgow. He was director of the Botanical Gardens in Kew (1841–65), which he developed into the greatest center for the study of world flora. One of the most prominent taxonomists of his time, he published numerous works on the flora of England, America, and Africa and on Pteropsida. He founded a number of journals and series, including Icones plantarum (1836), which is still being published.