Kelly, William

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Kelly, William

(1811–88) iron manufacturer, inventor; born in Pittsburgh, Pa. In Kentucky in the 1840s and early 1850s, he built and operated iron furnaces and was making wrought-iron articles. By 1850 he had discovered that a blast of air blown through molten iron removes many of the impurities found in cast iron of the day, leaving a stronger and more ductile metal. Using what he called this "air-boiling" process, he built seven "converters" between 1851–56 and was effectively making steel. But in 1856 the Englishman, Henry Bessemer, who had independently discovered much the same process, was given a U.S. patent, so Kelly was forced to convince the U.S. Patent Office of the priority of his claim; Kelly's claims were recognized in a patent of 1857. Although subsequent refinements of Kelly's process would contribute greatly to the new "age of steel," Kelly himself went bankrupt in the panic of 1857 and it was the Bessemer converter that achieved commercial success.
References in periodicals archive ?
Former offshore worker William Kelly shouted "die, die" as Cathy Kelly was engulfed in flames at the home they shared in Kilmarnock.
William Kelly poured petrol over 71-year-old Catherine Kelly and set her alight after placing her face down on a carpet at a house in Kilmaurs Road, Kilmarnock, East Ayrshire, last year.
Beloved wife of the late William Kelly Watson, dearly loved mother of Barry, Craig and Tracy, much loved motherin-law of Veronica, Debbie and James, devoted gran to Abbie, Robin, Ross, Samantha, Ashton and Ellie.
He was followed in there by 21-year-old William Kelly, who had been wandering the streets all night and, without warning, stabbed Ramon in the neck.
During a meeting with William Kelly decades ago in his studio at a small college in Pennsylvania, he held up a large canvas, fully the size from top to bottom of an adult and nearly as wide, upon which was painted a nude figure.
The victim was raped and sexually assaulted by William Kelly after meeting in a bar, before he and Steven Williams took her back to a hotel where she endured more abuse.
William Kelly, 33, of Reedswood Lane, Walsall, was jailed at Birmingham Crown Court on March 25 after he admitted plotting to supply amphetamines.
By: Terrence Reed, Jacqueline Harding and William Kelly
John William Kelly grew up in Gateshead, immigrating to Australia in 1927, aged 18.
She is also survived by two sisters, Dorothy Kelley and her husband James of Bedford, NH; and Patricia Gilchrist and her husband George of Pepperell, MA; and two brothers, William Kelly of Lowell, MA; and Ralph Kelly and his wife Marie of New Ipswich, NH, and a sister-in-law, Anne Kelly of Groton, MA, as well as many nieces, nephews and dear friends.
LS2(SW/AW) William Kelly, Task Force 63 Junior Sailor of the Year while serving as CASREP Expeditor and Cargo Router from January 2013 to September 2013.
Rodger William Kelly, 50, told police that he found his 29-year-old neighbor unconscious on May 19 and began to have sex with her because "he was trying to save her life," according to court documents.