William Lyon Mackenzie

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Mackenzie, William Lyon


Born Feb. 13 (according to other data Mar. 12), 1795, in Dundee, Scotland; died Aug. 28, 1861, in Toronto. Canadian political leader and publicist. Leader of the liberation movement in Upper Canada during the period of British colonial domination. Born into a poor Scotch family.

Mackenzie emigrated to Canada in 1820. In 1824 he began to publish the newspaper Colonial Advocate, in which he sharply criticized the colonial regime and defended the interests of the Canadian bourgeoisie and the farmers, the two groups that were in the process of formation as distinct social classes. Soon Mackenzie came to be recognized as the leader of the democratic opposition (“reformists”) in Upper Canada, which opposed the policy of the British colonial authorities in the province and favored the promulgation of bourgeois-democratic reforms (including the introduction of a responsible government, civil liberties, independent courts, and abolition of the privileges of the Anglican Church).

From 1828 to 1836, Mackenzie was a member of the House of Assembly of Upper Canada, and in 1834 he was elected mayor of Toronto. Mackenzie was the organizer and one of the leaders of a Canadian federation (founded in 1834) that united the reformists of Upper Canada. He was one of the first to advocate an alliance with the reformers in Lower Canada. In December 1837, Mackenzie led an anti-British uprising in Upper Canada. Poorly prepared, the uprising was put down by British troops. In January 1838, Mackenzie emigrated to the USA. He returned to Canada in 1850, and from 1851 to 1858 he sat in the Canadian Parliament.


The Selected Writings: 1824-1837. Toronto, 1960.


Tishkov, V. A. “Politicheskie vzgliady i deiatel’nost’ U. L. Makenzi.” In the collection Iz istorii mezhdunarodnykh otnoshenii i osvoboditel’nykh dvizhenii XIX-XX vekov. Moscow, 1970.
Kilbourn, W. The Firebrand. Toronto, 1956.


References in periodicals archive ?
Operating under the guise of the Belgian relief effort, Count Jaggi insinuates himself into the Ottawa establishment meeting regularly with Conservative Prime Minster Sir Robert Borden, Leader of the Official Opposition Liberals, Sir Wilfrid Laurier, future Liberal Prime Minister William Lyon Mackenzie King and the Governor General.
Despite Harper's reputation as a right-wing ideologue, Stevenson finds that on domestic issues he has governed, in the main, as a cautious pragmatist who bears a striking resemblance to William Lyon Mackenzie King, who, we are reminded, was Canada's longest-serving Prime Minister.
The RCAF has an expansive history, dating back to World War I and a reluctant Prime Minister William Lyon Mackenzie King.
In 1948, William Lyon Mackenzie King retired as prime minister of Canada after 21 years; he was succeeded by Louis St.
The front of the new $50 note features a portrait of Sir William Lyon Mackenzie King, while the back depicts the Arctic research icebreaker CCGS Amundsen, in port during the ceremony, as well as other imagery that reflects Canada's commitment to Arctic research and the development and protection of northern communities.
He, thus, effectively challenges the presumed centrality accorded to better known colonial reformers, such as William Lyon Mackenzie and Joseph Howe, by illustrating the world in and through a relatively small place.
Another Scot, William Lyon Mackenzie, became Strachan's loudest critic; especially after one of Strachan's proteges, Samuel Peters Jarvis, destroyed his printing press.
Roosevelt and the then Canadian prime minister, William Lyon Mackenzie King.
While Goldring singles out Riel, not mentioned are historical figures like William Lyon Mackenzie and Louis Joseph Papineau, who also led armed rebellions to fight for responsible government.
Along the way, Mendelson weaves in an array of characters, from William Lyon Mackenzie King, who was Canada's prime minister for twenty-one years, to Arnold Toynbee, Martin Heidegger, Leo Strauss, and Leonard Cohen.
50: William Lyon Mackenzie King led Canada for 22 years, guiding the country through much of the Depression and World War II.