William Lyon Mackenzie

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Mackenzie, William Lyon


Born Feb. 13 (according to other data Mar. 12), 1795, in Dundee, Scotland; died Aug. 28, 1861, in Toronto. Canadian political leader and publicist. Leader of the liberation movement in Upper Canada during the period of British colonial domination. Born into a poor Scotch family.

Mackenzie emigrated to Canada in 1820. In 1824 he began to publish the newspaper Colonial Advocate, in which he sharply criticized the colonial regime and defended the interests of the Canadian bourgeoisie and the farmers, the two groups that were in the process of formation as distinct social classes. Soon Mackenzie came to be recognized as the leader of the democratic opposition (“reformists”) in Upper Canada, which opposed the policy of the British colonial authorities in the province and favored the promulgation of bourgeois-democratic reforms (including the introduction of a responsible government, civil liberties, independent courts, and abolition of the privileges of the Anglican Church).

From 1828 to 1836, Mackenzie was a member of the House of Assembly of Upper Canada, and in 1834 he was elected mayor of Toronto. Mackenzie was the organizer and one of the leaders of a Canadian federation (founded in 1834) that united the reformists of Upper Canada. He was one of the first to advocate an alliance with the reformers in Lower Canada. In December 1837, Mackenzie led an anti-British uprising in Upper Canada. Poorly prepared, the uprising was put down by British troops. In January 1838, Mackenzie emigrated to the USA. He returned to Canada in 1850, and from 1851 to 1858 he sat in the Canadian Parliament.


The Selected Writings: 1824-1837. Toronto, 1960.


Tishkov, V. A. “Politicheskie vzgliady i deiatel’nost’ U. L. Makenzi.” In the collection Iz istorii mezhdunarodnykh otnoshenii i osvoboditel’nykh dvizhenii XIX-XX vekov. Moscow, 1970.
Kilbourn, W. The Firebrand. Toronto, 1956.


References in periodicals archive ?
You cannot really blame the British; failings in the Canadian government and specifically the policies, or lack thereof, of Prime Minister William Lyon Mackenzie King are at the core of this "problem.
Caption: Prime Minister William Lyon Mackenzie King and Senator Raoul Dandurand
Prime Minister William Lyon Mackenzie King intervened, suggesting that the monument be placed on Vimy Ridge instead.
Further on, in 1922 Canadian Prime Minister William Lyon Mackenzie King sent a non-committal response to a British request for military support in the Chanak Affair by indicating that the Canadian Parliament would need to decide on the country's involvement in the conflict.
As the official residence of two former Prime Ministers, Sir Wilfrid Laurier and the Right Honourable William Lyon Mackenzie King, the house remains a time capsule of over 10,000 original artefacts of national significance.
Doran's enjoyed a sales monopoly across Northern Ontario for decades, thanks to the Wartime Alcoholic Beverages Order of 1942, which was enacted by Prime Minister William Lyon Mackenzie King to limit transportation routes so transport could be focused on munitions and supplies for the war effort.
Prime minister William Lyon Mackenzie King gained respect for Macphail, however, and invited her to participate on a government committee to help draft the Old Age Pensions Act, Canada's first major social assistance legislation.
Operant sous le couvert d'un effort de secours humanitaire belge, le comte Jaggi reussit a s'infiltrer dans la haute societe d'Ottawa et a rencontrer regulierement le premier ministre conservateur, sir Robert Borden, le chef de l'opposition officielle, le liberal sir Wilfrid Laurier, le futur premier ministre liberal William Lyon Mackenzie King, et le gouverneur general.
Despite Harper's reputation as a right-wing ideologue, Stevenson finds that on domestic issues he has governed, in the main, as a cautious pragmatist who bears a striking resemblance to William Lyon Mackenzie King, who, we are reminded, was Canada's longest-serving Prime Minister.
Preparing a lecture on Rick Salutin and Theatre Passe Muraille's historical documentary 1837: The Farmers' Revolt, I stumbled across a tantalizing comment about the event in the Dictionary of Canadian Biography's entry on William Lyon Mackenzie.
In 1948, William Lyon Mackenzie King retired as prime minister of Canada after 21 years; he was succeeded by Louis St.
By 1940, his portrait commissions had broadened to include Canadian Prime Minister William Lyon Mackenzie King.