William Matthew Flinders Petrie

Petrie, William Matthew Flinders

 

Born June 3, 1853, in Charlton; died July 28, 1942, in Jerusalem. English Egyptologist and archaeologist. Professor at the University of London from 1892 to 1933.

Petrie pioneered the scientific method of archaeological excavation in Egypt. In 1885-86 he discovered and excavated Nau-cratis and Daphnae. Between 1888 and 1890 he discovered numerous remains in the Faiyum Oasis. In succeeding years he conducted excavations in Tell el-Amarna, Abydos (the tombs of the most ancient Pharaohs), and Neqada (Aeneolithic complexes), which is near Memphis. Especially important among Petrie’s works is his atlas of tools of all periods and peoples.

WORKS

A History of Egypt, vols. 1-3. London, 1894-1905.
Prehistoric Egypt. London, 1920.
Social Life in Ancient Egypt. London, 1924.
Ancient Gaza, vols. 1-4. London, 1931-34.
Tools and Weapons Illustrated by the Egyptian Collection in University College. London, 1917.
Mentioned in ?
References in periodicals archive ?
The 40,000 artefacts collected over 300 years, from over 100 archaeological sites, include collections by Sir William Matthew Flinders Petrie, with highlights such as the Shrine of Taharqa, models of funerary boats, a wall painting of the daughters of Nefertiti and a set of beautiful Roman-era mummy portraits.
William Matthew Flinders Petrie first went out to Egypt in 1880, aged twenty-seven, intending to make accurate measurements of the Great Pyramid, which had been the subject of a fanciful account by the Scottish Astonomer Royal.