William Morris Hughes

Hughes, William Morris


Born Sept. 25, 1864, in London; died Oct. 28, 1952, in Sydney. Australian statesman.

Hughes emigrated to Australia in 1884. He took part in the labor movement and was elected to the House of Representatives of the newly established Australian parliament in 1901. Hughes belonged to the first Labor government in 1904 and to a number of subsequent ones (1908–09, 1910–13, 1914–17). He was prime minister from 1915 to 1923 and advocated active Australian involvement in World War I.

Hughes’ policies, particularly his unsuccessful attempt to introduce military conscription, led to a split in the Labor Party; the party’s right wing, which he headed, joined the liberals in 1917 to form the Nationalist Party. From 1917, Hughes headed the government as leader of the Nationalist Party. From 1934 to 1941 he held a series of ministerial posts.

References in periodicals archive ?
This plaque in Cwlach Street, Llandudno, marks the primary school where William Morris Hughes was educated.
Graham Fricke, a retired Victorian judge who has published several books on Australian law and politics, first turned his attention to William Morris Hughes (1862-1952) in his book, Profiles of Power: The Prime Ministers of Australia (1990).
Cysylltiad Cymraeg arall yw fod y neges cyntaf a anfonwyd wedi ei gyfansoddi gan Brif Weinidog Awstralia ar y pryd, sef y Gwir Anrhydeddus William Morris Hughes.
Her aim while at the National Library is to investigate the connections between Australian Prime Minister William Morris Hughes and several key US policymakers in the months preceding the passing of the Johnson-Reed Act of 1924.
His book is set out as a series of walks around the town, taking in well-known landmarks as well as lesser-known facts such as the stamp commemorating William Morris Hughes, a Llandudno man, who became Prime Minister of Australia.
William Morris Hughes, the Prime Minister of Australia during the 1914-1918 war and was a member of the War Cabinet.
Australia has long had a thriving Welsh community and the country's most famous citizen of Welsh extraction was undoubtedly one William Morris Hughes.