William Smith


Also found in: Dictionary, Thesaurus, Medical, Wikipedia.

Smith, William,

1769–1839, English geologist. Through direct observation as a canal-site surveyor, Smith made a systematic study of the geological strata of England and identified the fossils peculiar to each layer. He thereby introduced the method of estimating, from the fossils present, the age of geological formations. His large (8 1-2 ft × 6 ft/2.6 m × 1.8 m) and accurate geological map, titled A Delineation of the Strata of England and Wales with Part of Scotland (1815), was one of the first of its kind and was followed by similar maps of English counties. Smith is widely known as the father of English stratigraphic geology and field paleontology.

Bibliography

See S. Winchester, The Map That Changed the World: William Smith and the Birth of Modern Geology (2001).

Smith, William

 

Born Mar. 23, 1769, in Churchill, Oxfordshire; died Aug. 28, 1839, in Northampton. English geodesist and geologist.

Smith is known for his works on the identification of Meso-zoic sedimentary rocks in southeastern England. These works laid the foundations for historical geology and stratigraphy as independent geological sciences. Smith showed that layers of sedimentary rocks exposed in different regions and not directly related can be correlated by the remains of the fossil organisms they contain. Fossils used for this purpose are known as index fossils. Between 1813 and 1815, Smith compiled the first geological map of England; in the map rocks were divided according to age. His discovery that strata can be identified by means of index fossils paved the way for the development of evolutionary ideas in paleontology.

Smith, William (Loughton)

(1758–1812) U.S. representative, ambassador; born in Charleston, S.C. Orphaned at age 12, he was sent to school in London where he became a lawyer in 1774. Returning in 1783, he became a congressman (Fed., S.C.; 1787–97), speculating in government scrip and supporting the federal bank. Ambassador to Portugal (1797–1801), he returned to his law practice and wrote political letters, "The Numbers of Phocion," for the Charleston Daily Courier.
References in periodicals archive ?
Michael Daly, great great grandson of the firm's founder, William Smith, and the sixth generation owner, said joining up with Stride paved the way for the next stage in the development of the family business.
A welcoming, centralized gathering spot is crucial to encouraging and sustaining a vibrant and well-connected campus community," said Pamela Lucas Rew, partner at KSS and Hobart and William Smith graduate.
Hobart and William Smith Colleges are coordinate, private, liberal arts institutions located in Geneva, N.
It's) not really common, but usually we have one or two of these a year when we get these really cold snaps,'' said William Smith, water maintenance and construction superintendent.
Illustrated with museum quality paintings by Peter Rankin, Making Room by Joanne Taylor is the picturebook story of John William Smith who builds a one-room home for himself, clears his fields for crops, marries Annie, and as their children are born discover that the one-room house is simply not big enough to accommodate a growing family.
William Smith, president and CEO of Aging in America, Morningside House (AIAMH), said managers of the Bronx, N.
XAV800) DIAGNOSTICS & INTERVENTIONAL CARDIOLOGY: AARON LINDBERG - WILLIAM SMITH & CO.
Julia James of Hobart and William Smith Colleges in Geneva, New York; Allyssa Lamb of the University of Washington, Bothell; and Oluwabusaya Folarin of Morehouse College in Atlanta were selected from 963 applicants endorsed by 366 colleges and universities to attend the University of Oxford in England.
B2BMediaWorks is headed by former PWJC executives Jim Kircher, president of the new company, and William Smith, current vice president.
Catharines, a voyage diary from 1833 and writings from Anna Jameson, William Smith and others.
This volume resulted from the Geological Society's William Smith Millennium Meeting, convened on 28-29 June 2000 at Burlington House on behalf of the History of Geology Group.
Great leaders lead by example, and Police Chief William Smith was no exception.