William Tecumseh Sherman

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Sherman, William Tecumseh


Born Feb. 8, 1820, in Lancaster, Ohio; died Feb. 14, 1891, in New York City. US military leader, general of the army (1869).

Sherman graduated from the US Military Academy at West Point in 1840 and was commissioned in the artillery. He served in the US war against Mexico of 1846–48. Sherman retired from the army from 1853 to 1859 and worked as a bank manager and lawyer. In 1859 he was appointed superintendent of a military academy. During the US Civil War (1861–65), Sherman commanded a regiment, a brigade, and a division in the Northern army, achieving the rank of brigadier general in 1861. He took part in the battles of First Bull Run, Vicksburg, and Chattanooga, among others. In March 1864, Sherman was given command of the army that made the successful “march to the sea”: starting from Chattanooga, Tenn., the army moved through the state of Georgia, taking Atlanta in September, to the Atlantic coast, taking Savannah in December and defeating the Southern army commanded by General J. E. Johnston. In early 1865, Sherman’s army turned north and advanced in the rear of the enemy to join up with the army of General U. S. Grant. After covering more than 1,300 km in a year, Sherman’s army joined up with Grant’s near Richmond, which led to encirclement of the main Southern forces commanded by General R. Lee and to their surrender in April 1865.

From 1869 to 1883, Sherman was commanding general of the US Army. Sherman’s memoirs were published in 1875 and 1972.

References in periodicals archive ?
Assaults, rapes, and murders, absent from the general's recollections, were liberally reported by Southerners; reading accounts less accommodating than McDonough's leads to the inescapable conclusion that war was "all hell" largely because William Tecumseh Sherman made it that way.
Michael Fellman, "Introduction," Memoirs by William Tecumseh Sherman, (New York: Penguin Books, 2000), vii-viii.
William Tecumseh Sherman smashed through the Southern defense in Atlanta; in 1950, we saw 300,000 Chinese troops streaming across the Yalu River into Korea and sending our forces into retreat before Gen.
The most famous Christmas gift of the Civil War was sent by telegram from William Tecumseh Sherman to Abraham Lincoln on December 22, 1864: "I beg to present you as a Christmas gift, the city of Savannah, with 100 and 50 guns and plenty of ammunition, also about 25,000 bales of cotton.
At Meridian, Mississippi, Union General William Tecumseh Sherman stated, "For five days, 10,000 of our men worked hard .
YEARS AFTER THE CIVIL WAR, William Tecumseh Sherman presented a personally drawn up map of the battle of Shiloh to the Society of the Army of the Tennessee.
Bragg suffered an ignominious defeat, and with it, the gateway to Atlanta swung wide open for William Tecumseh Sherman.
We end our day sauntering along Sherman Avenue (named for General William Tecumseh Sherman, the namesake of the fort that is now City Park), with its art galleries and espresso shops.
During the Civil War, for example, Union General William Tecumseh Sherman ordered large-scale maps of the Southern States from the U.
William Tecumseh Sherman, humming "The Ride of the Valkyries," marching from Milledgeville to Savannah to Columbia with 60,000 Union cavalry and infantry, surgeons and drummer boys, drovers and mules, cattle and cooks, not even counting the 25,000 freed slaves following behind, nor the Confederate prisoners needed to troll for land mines, nor those genteel Southern ladies, refugees from ruined plantations, with their buggies, servants, and needlepoint--everything needed for a plague or "infestation," except perhaps locusts and a frog.
The authors quote General William Tecumseh Sherman, who once lamented how hard it was to "make a decent excuse for an Indian war.