William Tecumseh Sherman


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Sherman, William Tecumseh

 

Born Feb. 8, 1820, in Lancaster, Ohio; died Feb. 14, 1891, in New York City. US military leader, general of the army (1869).

Sherman graduated from the US Military Academy at West Point in 1840 and was commissioned in the artillery. He served in the US war against Mexico of 1846–48. Sherman retired from the army from 1853 to 1859 and worked as a bank manager and lawyer. In 1859 he was appointed superintendent of a military academy. During the US Civil War (1861–65), Sherman commanded a regiment, a brigade, and a division in the Northern army, achieving the rank of brigadier general in 1861. He took part in the battles of First Bull Run, Vicksburg, and Chattanooga, among others. In March 1864, Sherman was given command of the army that made the successful “march to the sea”: starting from Chattanooga, Tenn., the army moved through the state of Georgia, taking Atlanta in September, to the Atlantic coast, taking Savannah in December and defeating the Southern army commanded by General J. E. Johnston. In early 1865, Sherman’s army turned north and advanced in the rear of the enemy to join up with the army of General U. S. Grant. After covering more than 1,300 km in a year, Sherman’s army joined up with Grant’s near Richmond, which led to encirclement of the main Southern forces commanded by General R. Lee and to their surrender in April 1865.

From 1869 to 1883, Sherman was commanding general of the US Army. Sherman’s memoirs were published in 1875 and 1972.

References in periodicals archive ?
Indeed, over and over, from 1862 to 1865, William Tecumseh Sherman repeated in various ways his plans to "dispossess them [Southern whites] and put our friends in their place," to resettle Northern whites on Southern lands or to parcel out some parts of the South to be completely black, the slaves essentially to be handed the property of their former masters and remain to themselves, where they had been "colonized.
William Tecumseh Sherman of the Union Army burned Atlanta to the ground and moved southward to Savannah destroying everything in the path of his troops," Mr.
The most recognizable of these was Brigadier General William Tecumseh Sherman, who suffered a severe buckshot wound to his right hand in addition to having three horses shot from under him.
And all that McEwan has to say then is that war is a Dantean inferno, something that William Tecumseh Sherman said earlier and better.
William Tecumseh Sherman marched through Georgia in 1864 and burned down everything in his path.
William Tecumseh Sherman reportedly told the Ohio State Fair in 1880, referring to his experience during the Civil War, the first American conflict to be heavily photographed.
The special vindictiveness many Southerners reserve for General William Tecumseh Sherman has always perplexed most Yankees.
William Tecumseh Sherman, who led Union's capture of Atlanta, dies at age 71.
Yet even the greatest animosities of our current era seldom reach the depth of the hatred that existed between General William Tecumseh Sherman and the newspapermen who followed his army.
It is fascinating to read of General William Tecumseh Sherman and Senator Stephan A.
Simi Valley and Beverly Hills police recovered a portion of Trujillo's collection that includes numerous, original photographs of General William Tecumseh Sherman by famed war photographer Matthew Brady.
William Tecumseh Sherman is credited with uttering the now-famous phrase "War is hell.