William of Champeaux


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William of Champeaux

(shămpō`, shäNpō`), c.1070–1121, French scholastic philosopher. William studied and taught in Paris. In 1109 he founded the monastic school of St. Victor, which later became famous. From 1113 until his death he was bishop of Châlons-en-Champagne. Although very little of his writings has survived, William is known for his role in the dispute over the nature of universals in the Middle Ages (see realismrealism,
in philosophy. 1 In medieval philosophy realism represented a position taken on the problem of universals. There were two schools of realism. Extreme realism, represented by William of Champeaux, held that universals exist independently of both the human mind and
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). An extreme realist, he was forced to change his views after being overcome in a disputation with his pupil Peter AbelardAbelard, Peter
, Fr. Pierre Abélard , 1079–1142, French philosopher and teacher, b. Le Pallet, near Nantes. Life

Abelard went (c.1100) to Paris to study under William of Champeaux at the school of Notre Dame and soon attacked the ultrarealist
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.

Champeaux, William of:

see William of ChampeauxWilliam of Champeaux
, c.1070–1121, French scholastic philosopher. William studied and taught in Paris. In 1109 he founded the monastic school of St. Victor, which later became famous. From 1113 until his death he was bishop of Châlons-en-Champagne.
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.
References in periodicals archive ?
While Abelard makes no explicit mention of Bertrada in the Historia caIamitatum, his opposition to William of Champeaux, closely associated with Bertrada's leading critic, Ivo of Chartres, implies that he was naturally sympathetic to the Queen.
By contrast, there were significant critics of Bertrada in Paris, most importantly William of Champeaux, who likely obtained his position at the cathedral school before the appointment of Stephen de Garlande as archdeacon in 1097.
39) Only with the advent of Galo as Bishop of Paris in 1104, would Bertradas influence fall into decline while that of William of Champeaux started to increase.
49) Abelard wanted to be closer to Paris so that he could engage more easily in disputation with students of William of Champeaux.
William of Champeaux was then emerging as archdeacon of Paris, working closely with Bishop Galo in imposing various ecclesiastical reforms.
It also seems to be the event that precipitated the expansion of two important abbeys on the Seines left bank, which would now compete with the cathedral school as educational centres, namely Sainte-Genevieve under Stephen de Garlande and Saint-Victor under William of Champeaux.
Abelard Oliver Boot Heloise Sally Bretton Bernard of Clairvaux Jack Laskey Fulbert Fred Ridgeway Denise Pascale Burgess William of Champeaux John Bett Louis VI Colin Hurley Alberic Patrick Brennan Lotholf William Mannering Helene Sheila Reid Berthode Frances Thornburn Marie Niamh McCann Francine Rhiannon Oliver
The abbey was founded by William of Champeaux, who retired as a master in the schools of Paris in 1108 and set up the small community on the Seine.
Relying on primary texts, provided at length in the Latin, as well a stupendous collection of secondary literature, Marenbon traces Abelard's life from his earliest studies with Roscelin and William of Champeaux to his appearances before the Councils of Soissons (1121) and Sens (1140) to his death outside Cluny in 1142.
Although it is possible that Abelard studied with Marbod, master of the cathedral school of Angers, and with Roscelin of Compiegne, a well-known dialectician at Loches, little is known of his training before he appeared in Paris about 1100, a student of William of Champeaux, the foremost teacher of his day.
St Victor, the Augustinian abbey founded by William of Champeaux in 1108, enjoys a reputation among theologians for having introduced a new type of piety to northern Europe.
1079 - 1142) French scholastic philosopher and theologian Ab elard studied under Roscellinus (b 1050), exponent of extreme nominalism, then under William of Champeaux (1070 - 1121), supporter of realism.