William the Lion


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William the Lion,

1143–1214, king of Scotland (1165–1214), brother and successor of Malcolm IV. Determined to recover Northumbria (lost to England in 1157), he supported the rebellion (1173–74) of the sons of Henry II of England. The result was that he was captured by Henry, who forced him to sign the Treaty of Falaise (1174), making Scotland a feudal possession of England. Released in 1175, he immediately asked the pope to declare the Scottish church free of English domination. A quarrel with the pope delayed the decision, but, in 1188, Pope Clement III declared the church in Scotland subject only to Rome. In 1189, William was able to buy annulment of the Treaty of Falaise from Richard I of England for 10,000 marks. After the succession (1199) of King John in England, William once more demanded the restoration of Northumbria but was finally forced (1209) by show of arms to abandon the claim. William put down several revolts within Scotland and furthered somewhat the process of feudalization in the kingdom. His alliance (1168) with Louis VII of France began a long friendship between France and Scotland, later to be known as the Auld Alliance. He was succeeded by his son, Alexander II.
References in periodicals archive ?
In Perth, councillors pointed to an 800-year-old charter granted by King William the Lion and urged the Executive to carry the fight on their behalf.
Prudhoe Castle was besieged unsuccessfully in 1177 and 1174 by the Scottish King William the Lion, who was later intercepted by the d'Umfravilles and captured near Alnwick.
The simulation before yesterday's first race at Beverley showed Cashiki forging clear in the final furlong and the crowd cheered as the commentator called her the winner by some three and a half lengths from William The Lion, who edged out Lammoski for second.
His most prestigious win came in the 1973 Tennent Trophy at Ayr but he also won the William The Lion Handicap at Lanark by 25 lengths
It was not such a good day for rider Carl Lowther, who was given a three-day ban (May 15-17) for irresponsible riding of a minor nature on William The Lion in Salim's race.
An out-and-out stayer, Braemar won Scotland's longest race, the William the Lion Handicap over 2m 4f, at Lanark in 1974 ridden by Eric Apter.
Borders tourist board boss Riddell Graham said: "The Scots were forced to hand Berwick over to the English in 1174 to buy the freedom of King William the Lion, whom they were holding to ransom for 10,000 merks.