Williamsburg


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See also: National Parks and Monuments (table)National Parks and Monuments

National Parks
Name Type1 Location Year authorized Size
acres (hectares)
Description
Acadia NP SE Maine 1919 48,419 (19,603) Mountain and coast scenery.
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Williamsburg,

historic city (1990 pop. 11,530), seat of James City co., SE Va., on a peninsula between the James and York rivers; settled 1632 as Middle Plantation, laid out and renamed 1699, inc. 1722. It is a popular tourist attraction and is also important as the seat (since 1693) of The College of William and MaryWilliam and Mary in Virginia, College of,
mainly at Williamsburg; state supported; coeducational; chartered 1693, opened 1694 by Episcopalians under James Blair. It became a university in 1779.
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. Electrical goods and metal, paper, and plastic products are manufactured; Eastern State Hospital (1773) also contributes to the economy.

Williamsburg became the temporary capital after the burning of Jamestown (1676) during Bacon's RebellionBacon's Rebellion,
popular revolt in colonial Virginia in 1676, led by Nathaniel Bacon. High taxes, low prices for tobacco, and resentment against special privileges given those close to the governor, Sir William Berkeley, provided the background for the uprising, which was
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, then served as capital of Virginia from 1699 to 1779. It was the scene of important conventions during the movement for American independence, but it declined after the capital was moved (1779) to RichmondRichmond.
1 City (1990 pop. 87,425), Contra Costa co., W Calif., on San Pablo Bay, an inlet of San Francisco Bay; inc. 1905. It is a deepwater commercial port and an industrial center with oil refineries and railroad repair shops.
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. In the Peninsular campaignPeninsular campaign,
in the American Civil War, the unsuccessful Union attempt (Apr.–July, 1862) to capture Richmond, Va., by way of the peninsula between the York and James rivers. The Plan

Early in 1862, Gen. George B.
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 of the Civil War a rearguard action was fought there (May 5, 1862) between retreating Confederates and McClellan's forces.

In 1926, with the financial support of John D. RockefellerRockefeller, John Davison,
1839–1937, American industrialist and philanthropist, b. Richford, N.Y. He moved (1853) with his family to a farm near Cleveland and at age 16 went to work as a bookkeeper.
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, Jr., a large-scale restoration of the city was begun; 700 buildings were removed, 83 were renovated, and 413 were rebuilt on their original sites. Williamsburg has had its colonial appearance recreated, with green formal gardens and many craft shops where revived trades are practiced. Among the historic structures are the colonial capitol (reconstructed); Raleigh Tavern (reconstructed), rendezvous of Revolutionary patriots; the courthouse of 1770; the Bruton Parish Church (1710–15); the governor's palace (reconstructed); the public gaol; and the magazine. The Abby Aldrich Rockefeller museum houses a noted folk art collection. The Colonial Parkway passes through Williamsburg, connecting it with the JamestownJamestown.
1 City (1990 pop. 34,681), Chautauqua co., W N.Y., on Chautauqua Lake; founded c.1806, inc. as a city 1886. It is the business and financial center of a dairy, livestock, and vineyard area.
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 and YorktownYorktown,
historic town (1990 pop. 270), seat of York co., SE Va., on the York River 10 mi (16 km) from its mouth on Chesapeake Bay; settled 1631, laid out 1691. It is included in the Colonial National Historical Park (see National Parks and Monuments, table).
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 sections of Colonial National Historical Park (see National Parks and MonumentsNational Parks and Monuments

National Parks
Name Type1 Location Year authorized Size
acres (hectares)
Description
Acadia NP SE Maine 1919 48,419 (19,603) Mountain and coast scenery.
..... Click the link for more information.
, table).

Bibliography

See J. A. Osborne, Williamsburg in Colonial Times (1936, repr. 1972); J. J. Walket, Jr., and T. K. Ford, A Window on Williamsburg (rev. ed. 1983).

Williamsburg (Independent City), Virginia

401 Lafayette St
Williamsburg, VA 23185
Phone: (757) 220-6100
Fax: (757) 220-6107
www.ci.williamsburg.va.us

In southeastern VA on the peninsula between the James and York rivers, 27 mi. northwest of Newport News. Capital of VA, 1699-1780. Site of College of William and Mary. Serves as county seat for James City County. Name Origin: Established in 1633 as Middle Plantation. Renamed in 1699 for William III (1650-1702), king of England; incorporated as a city in 1884

Area (sq mi):: 8.67 (land 8.54; water 0.13) Population per square mile: 1376.00
Population 2005: 11,751 State rank: 109 Population change: 2000-20005 -2.10%; 1990-2000 4.10% Population 2000: 11,998 (White 77.90%; Black or African American 13.30%; Hispanic or Latino 2.50%; Asian 4.60%; Other 2.70%). Foreign born: 5.20%. Median age: 22.60
Income 2000: per capita $18,483; median household $37,093; Population below poverty level: 18.30% Personal per capita income (2000-2003): $34,850-$38,466
Unemployment (2004): 7.70% Unemployment change (from 2000): 1.70% Median travel time to work: 18.00 minutes Working outside county of residence: 47.80%
Cities with population over 10,000: None
See other counties in .

Williamsburg

monument of American colonial period; settled in 1632. [Am. Hist.: Hart, 930]

Williamsburg

a city in SE Virginia: the capital of Virginia (1693--1779); the restoration of large sections of the colonial city was begun in 1926. Pop.: 11 605 (2003 est.)
References in periodicals archive ?
These exceptional companies help make the Williamsburg area a vibrant and vital place to live.
It's a neighborhood where development is happening over a larger footprint, which means that there isn't necessarily the level of foot traffic of Williamsburg, and it's going to play out a little more slowly," said Moskovits at the panel.
Customers love the look," Fischer said, and Williamsburg was "blown away by the creativity of the folks at Spicher.
Quick links accessible from the main page provide additional resources for consumers, including a mortgage calculator, local news channels and a historical guide to colonial Williamsburg.
Moreover, both neighborhoods appreciate home-grown brands, Sanjana said, adding that she feels her firm is a much better fit for Williamsburg than Elliman.
The Holiday Bounce Package is available for two-night stays and includes accommodation at the Williamsburg Woodlands Hotel and Suites, admission to the Colonial Williamsburg Historic Area and Art Museums, and admission to Christmas Town: A Busch Gardens Celebration, for prices commencing at USD195 per night for a family of four.
The five branches of Williamsburg First National Bank will reopen on Monday as branches of First Citizens Bank and Trust Co.
The Williamsburg license in home textiles has a history that's almost as impressive as that of the centuries-old Virginia town.
Produced by Colonial Williamsburg, "Gospel Of Liberty" is a 37 minute, full color, DVD documentary about the American religious revivals of the mid-eighteenth century and appropriate for viewers ages 14 through adult.
Williamsburg, the home furnishings and accessories product arm of the Colonial Williamsburg Foundation, is on the move mad celebrating a groundbreaking year of new licensee additions, with a record six already.
The history of casting metal in America is alive and productive at the James Geddy Foundry in Colonial Williamsburg, Va.
Tracking Pierogi's development since 1994 thus allows the student of such phenomena to note how Williamsburg compares to other New York artists' districts of the past thirty years, and thereby to consider how the always-uneasy mix of art and commerce is creating new paradigms for distribution, representation, and artists' survival.

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