Williamsburg

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Related to Williamsburg, Virginia: Historic Jamestowne

See also: National Parks and Monuments (table)National Parks and Monuments

National Parks
Name Type1 Location Year authorized Size
acres (hectares)
Description
Acadia NP SE Maine 1919 48,419 (19,603) Mountain and coast scenery.
..... Click the link for more information.

Williamsburg,

historic city (1990 pop. 11,530), seat of James City co., SE Va., on a peninsula between the James and York rivers; settled 1632 as Middle Plantation, laid out and renamed 1699, inc. 1722. It is a popular tourist attraction and is also important as the seat (since 1693) of The College of William and MaryWilliam and Mary in Virginia, College of,
mainly at Williamsburg; state supported; coeducational; chartered 1693, opened 1694 by Episcopalians under James Blair. It became a university in 1779.
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. Electrical goods and metal, paper, and plastic products are manufactured; Eastern State Hospital (1773) also contributes to the economy.

Williamsburg became the temporary capital after the burning of Jamestown (1676) during Bacon's RebellionBacon's Rebellion,
popular revolt in colonial Virginia in 1676, led by Nathaniel Bacon. High taxes, low prices for tobacco, and resentment against special privileges given those close to the governor, Sir William Berkeley, provided the background for the uprising, which was
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, then served as capital of Virginia from 1699 to 1779. It was the scene of important conventions during the movement for American independence, but it declined after the capital was moved (1779) to RichmondRichmond.
1 City (1990 pop. 87,425), Contra Costa co., W Calif., on San Pablo Bay, an inlet of San Francisco Bay; inc. 1905. It is a deepwater commercial port and an industrial center with oil refineries and railroad repair shops.
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. In the Peninsular campaignPeninsular campaign,
in the American Civil War, the unsuccessful Union attempt (Apr.–July, 1862) to capture Richmond, Va., by way of the peninsula between the York and James rivers. The Plan

Early in 1862, Gen. George B.
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 of the Civil War a rearguard action was fought there (May 5, 1862) between retreating Confederates and McClellan's forces.

In 1926, with the financial support of John D. RockefellerRockefeller, John Davison,
1839–1937, American industrialist and philanthropist, b. Richford, N.Y. He moved (1853) with his family to a farm near Cleveland and at age 16 went to work as a bookkeeper.
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, Jr., a large-scale restoration of the city was begun; 700 buildings were removed, 83 were renovated, and 413 were rebuilt on their original sites. Williamsburg has had its colonial appearance recreated, with green formal gardens and many craft shops where revived trades are practiced. Among the historic structures are the colonial capitol (reconstructed); Raleigh Tavern (reconstructed), rendezvous of Revolutionary patriots; the courthouse of 1770; the Bruton Parish Church (1710–15); the governor's palace (reconstructed); the public gaol; and the magazine. The Abby Aldrich Rockefeller museum houses a noted folk art collection. The Colonial Parkway passes through Williamsburg, connecting it with the JamestownJamestown.
1 City (1990 pop. 34,681), Chautauqua co., W N.Y., on Chautauqua Lake; founded c.1806, inc. as a city 1886. It is the business and financial center of a dairy, livestock, and vineyard area.
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 and YorktownYorktown,
historic town (1990 pop. 270), seat of York co., SE Va., on the York River 10 mi (16 km) from its mouth on Chesapeake Bay; settled 1631, laid out 1691. It is included in the Colonial National Historical Park (see National Parks and Monuments, table).
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 sections of Colonial National Historical Park (see National Parks and MonumentsNational Parks and Monuments

National Parks
Name Type1 Location Year authorized Size
acres (hectares)
Description
Acadia NP SE Maine 1919 48,419 (19,603) Mountain and coast scenery.
..... Click the link for more information.
, table).

Bibliography

See J. A. Osborne, Williamsburg in Colonial Times (1936, repr. 1972); J. J. Walket, Jr., and T. K. Ford, A Window on Williamsburg (rev. ed. 1983).

Williamsburg (Independent City), Virginia

401 Lafayette St
Williamsburg, VA 23185
Phone: (757) 220-6100
Fax: (757) 220-6107
www.ci.williamsburg.va.us

In southeastern VA on the peninsula between the James and York rivers, 27 mi. northwest of Newport News. Capital of VA, 1699-1780. Site of College of William and Mary. Serves as county seat for James City County. Name Origin: Established in 1633 as Middle Plantation. Renamed in 1699 for William III (1650-1702), king of England; incorporated as a city in 1884

Area (sq mi):: 8.67 (land 8.54; water 0.13) Population per square mile: 1376.00
Population 2005: 11,751 State rank: 109 Population change: 2000-20005 -2.10%; 1990-2000 4.10% Population 2000: 11,998 (White 77.90%; Black or African American 13.30%; Hispanic or Latino 2.50%; Asian 4.60%; Other 2.70%). Foreign born: 5.20%. Median age: 22.60
Income 2000: per capita $18,483; median household $37,093; Population below poverty level: 18.30% Personal per capita income (2000-2003): $34,850-$38,466
Unemployment (2004): 7.70% Unemployment change (from 2000): 1.70% Median travel time to work: 18.00 minutes Working outside county of residence: 47.80%
Cities with population over 10,000: None
See other counties in .

Williamsburg

monument of American colonial period; settled in 1632. [Am. Hist.: Hart, 930]

Williamsburg

a city in SE Virginia: the capital of Virginia (1693--1779); the restoration of large sections of the colonial city was begun in 1926. Pop.: 11 605 (2003 est.)
References in periodicals archive ?
The College of William & Mary, located in Williamsburg, Virginia is one of the nation's premier public universities and believes that excellence in teaching is the key to unlocking intellectual and personal possibilities for students.
Terry and her husband Don live in Williamsburg, Virginia with their yellow Labrador, Roxy and worship at King of Glory Lutheran Church.
Jurisdictions receiving the Voice of the People Awards for Excellence were: Bettendorf, Iowa; Chanhassen, Minnesota; Needham, Massachusetts; Novi, Michigan; Scottsdale, Arizona; Surprise, Arizona; Suwanee, Georgia; UpperArlington, Ohio; and Williamsburg, Virginia.
The sauces, which are already a sales hit in the US and which have been voted Best Brand Extension by Brandweek Magazine, have been developed by the executive chefs at Anheuser-Busch's famous Kingsmill Resort in Williamsburg, Virginia, USA.
Yet he endorses the prominent display of a cross in the heart of the Wren Building--one of the most famous government buildings in Williamsburg, Virginia.
He is a graduate of The College of William and Mary in Williamsburg, Virginia where he earned a Bachelor of Arts, and he is also recognized as an Associate Appraiser with MAI credentials short of Demonstration Report.
Only three days after finishing in the NCAA Championships at Williamsburg, Virginia, Davies was at Rockville, Maryland, where rounds of 72 and 65 at Woodmont Country Club earned him a place in the championship.
The Williamsburg, Virginia, institution, which prides itself as the second oldest college in the United States, was built in the 1690s and named for England's then-reigning monarchs, King William III and Queen Mary II.
Opportunities for discovery abound at each port-of-call--from the premier living history site of Williamsburg, Virginia, to the charming island of Tangier, to the beautifully preserved villages of Cambridge, Oxford, and St.
American Kerr, aged 27, will start the final round on nine under par after three consecutive rounds of 68 at the Kingsmill Resort in Williamsburg, Virginia.
April 14-17, 2005, Williamsburg, Virginia, Contact John Boller, Phone (631) 691-5002, Email juniorjlb@msn.
Although last fall's Hurricane Isabel was a disaster for trees in the Williamsburg, Virginia, area, it may prove to be a boon for Colonial Williamsburg's new Great Hopes Plantation, which depicts 19th century farm life.

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