Willy Brandt


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Related to Willy Brandt: Konrad Adenauer, Ostpolitik, Helmut Schmidt, Helmut Kohl, Erich Honecker

Brandt, Willy

(vĭl`ē bränt), 1913–92, German political leader. His name originally was Karl Herbert Frahm. Active in his youth in the Social Democratic party, after Adolf Hitler came to power (1933) he fled to Norway and began a journalistic career, soon becoming a Norwegian citizen. When Norway was invaded (1940), he was imprisoned briefly by the Germans but escaped to Sweden. Returning to Germany after World War II, he resumed (1947) German citizenship. He served (1949–57) in the Bundestag and (1957–66) as mayor of West Berlin. In 1964 he became chairman of the Social Democratic party and was named foreign minister (1966) in the Christian Democratic–Social Democratic coalition government headed by Kurt Kiesinger. After Brandt's party won the federal elections he became chancellor (1969–74) with the support of the Free Democratic party. His government initiated peace talks with Eastern European countries and with East Germany, resulting in nonaggression treaties with the USSR and Poland (1971) and the signing of a treaty with East Germany in 1972. Brandt was awarded the 1971 Nobel Peace Prize for his efforts. He resigned on May 6, 1974, following revelations that a close aide was an East German spy, but remained chairman of the Social Democratic party until 1987. President of the Socialist International in 1976, and Socialist member of the European Parliament (1979–83), he became honorary President of the East German Social Democratic party in 1990: after campaigning unsuccessfully for it in that year's elections, he remarked that the "so-called Socialist countries gave socialism a bad name."

Bibliography

See his North-South: A Program for Survival (1980).

Brandt, Willy

 

(pseudonym of Herbert Karl Frahm). Born Dec. 18, 1913, in Lübeck. Statesman of Federal Republic of Germany (FRG).

After graduating from the Gymnasium, Brandt worked for a newspaper in Lübeck. As a young man he was a member of the social democratic youth movement. In 1930 he became a member of the Social Democratic Party of Germany. In 1933 he emigrated to Norway, and later to Sweden (1940), where he worked as a journalist.

Brandt returned to West Germany in 1945. In 1948 the administrative board of the Social Democratic Party (SDP) of West Germany appointed Brandt its representative in West Berlin. Between 1958 and 1962 he was chairman of the administrative board of the SDP of West Berlin. From 1957 to 1966 he was governing mayor of West Berlin. Since 1964 he has been chairman of the administrative board of the SDP. From December 1966 to October 1969, Brandt was vice-chancellor and minister of foreign affairs of a coalition government (Christian Democratic Union and SDP). Since October 1969 he has been federal chancellor of the FRG coalition government (SDP and Free Democratic Party).

The Brandt government has taken a stand in favor of developing relations with the USSR and other socialist countries. On Aug. 12, 1970, the Brandt government signed a treaty between the Soviet Union and the FRG. The treaty made an important contribution to the reduction of tension in Europe, and it created a basis for the development of relations between the USSR and the FRG.

References in periodicals archive ?
Willy Brandt is an extraordinary and very genuine international figure.
In the interview at the presidential Blue House in Seoul with Britain's The Times, Japan's Mainichi Shimbun and South Korea's Chosun Ilbo, Lee appeared to suggest that the emperor follow the example of the late German leader Willy Brandt, who in 1970 knelt before a monument to murdered Polish Jews in Warsaw in an act that became symbolic of Germany's desire for reconciliation.
West German Vice-Chancellor Willy Brandt arrived in London for an official two days' visit in which he was to meet the Queen and have lunch with Prime Minister Harold Wilson.
Also on this day: 1329: Robert the Bruce, King of Scotland died; 1566: Sir Thomas Gresham laid the foundation stone of the first Royal Exchange in London; 1929: The Vatican city was set up in Rome; 1929: Margaret Bondfield became the first woman cabinet minister as Minister of Labour; 1933: The Seven Deadly Sins was performed in Paris for the first time; 1973: The Chancellor of West Germany, Willy Brandt, began a historic and emotional visit to Israel; 1977: Queen Elizabeth's 25th jubilee.
His most famous coup was planting an agent, Guenter Guillaume, as a top aide to West German chancellor Willy Brandt.
During this time, we in Britain supported their aspirations for freedom; supported heroes like Willy Brandt and Lech Walesa.
Many of their old figureheads have waned in strength, like Gunter Grass; some of the most important have died, such as Heinrich Boll, Joseph Beuys, and recently Willy Brandt and Petra Kelly.
Klaus SchE-tz, born on 17 September 1926, served as State Secretary of the Federal Foreign Office from 1966 to 1967 under the Federal Foreign Minister Willy Brandt before being elected Governing Mayor of Berlin in 1967.
Contract award: energetic and fire protection remediation for the willy brandt school, giessen.
Voluntary ex ante transparency notice: bikeways structuring - east west route - the wharf magellan willy brandt bridge and quai de la fosse in dock tourville.
According to Mehdorn, "We will do everything to speed up the completion of the airport," and the new Willy Brandt airport is supposed to subsitute two aging and increasingly cramped airports, Tegel and Schoenefeld, that assisted West and East Berlin respectively during Germany's Cold War division.