Wilhelm Windelband

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Windelband, Wilhelm

 

Bora May 11, 1848, in Potsdam; died Oct. 22, 1915, in Heidelberg. German idealist philosopher; leader of the Baden school of neo-Kantianism. Professor at Zürich (1876), Freiburg (1877), Strasbourg (1882), and Heidelberg (1903).

Windelband is known for his works on the history of philosophy, History of Ancient Philosophy (1888; Russian translation, 1893) and History of Modern Philosophy (vol. 1-2, 1878-80; Russian translation, vol. 1-2, 1902-05), in which the philosophical systems of the past are presented from a Kantian position. In a characteristically neo-Kantian spirit Windelband eliminates the concept of thing-in-itself from Kant’s doctrine and attempts thereby to overcome the dualism of Kantian philosophy in a subjectivistic way. Windelband defines philosophy as “the critical study of values of universal validity” (Preliudii [Praludien], St. Petersburg, 1904, p. 23) and as a normative doctrine based on value judgments and on the cognition of what ought to be. He contrasts philosophy with the natural sciences, which are based on theoretical judgments and empirical data of what is. Windelband interprets values as being a priori, transcendental, and universally valid. By acknowledging mankind’s self-determination in accordance with an “ethical ideal” as the ultimate aim of historical progress, Windelband reduces social problems to ethical ones. He declares the dualism of the world of reality and the world of values to be a “sacred mystery” revealing the limitation of our knowledge and directs us into the sphere of religious values.

In evolving a methodology of the sciences he breaks down the sciences into nomothetic sciences, which deal with laws, and idiographic sciences, which study specific phenomena in their uniqueness. “The former are the sciences of laws, the latter are the sciences of events” (ibid., p. 320). In this way Windelband denies that the discovery of laws is the guiding principle of historical knowledge.

WORKS

Geschichte und Naturwissenschaft, 3rd ed. Strasbourg, 1904.
Uber Willensfreiheit, 4th ed. Tubingen, 1923.
Lehrbuch der Geschichte der Philosophic, 15th ed. Tübingen, 1957.
In Russian translation:
O svobode voli. Moscow, 1905.
Platon, 4th ed. St. Petersburg, 1909.
Filosofiia v nemetskoi dukhovnoi zhizni 19 stoletiia. Moscow, 1910.

REFERENCES

Plekhanov. G. “O knige V. Vindel’banda.” In Soch., vol. 17. Moscow, 1925. Pages 155-59.
Iakovenko, B. “Vil’gel’m Vindel’band.” In Voprosy filosofii i psikhologii, 1916, books 132-33.
Blonskii, P. Sovremennaia filosofiia, part 1. Moscow, 1919.
Rickert, H. Wilhelm Windelband, 2nd ed. Tubingen, 1929.

B. E. BYKHOVSKII

References in periodicals archive ?
Se posiciona de lleno en el linaje neokantiano que considera la filosofia como un deber para comenzar y terminar con "el hecho de la ciencia" y emplea una concepcion genetica del conocimiento como un proceso sintetico perpetuamente inacabado (esta vision anti-metafisica de Kant fue consagrada por la Escuela de Marburgo, donde Cassirer fue formado por Georg Simmel, y que influencio a Weber a traves de las obras de Windelband y Rickert, lideres de la escuela rival de neokantianos de Baden).
En tal sentido, retomando ideas previas de historiadores de la filosofia como Wilhelm Windelband, Immanuel Wallerstein senalo como las ciencias sociales son herederas de las dos tradiciones de pensamiento clasicas, la proveniente de las ciencias naturales, por un lado, y la de la filosofia, por el otro.
Wilhelm Windelband, A History of Philosophy (New York:
Se daria asi paso al debate sobre el positivismo con las intervenciones de Windelband, ademas de todos los anteriores, mostrando en general una postura contraria a las tesis defendidas por el historicismo.
5) Segun Ferreira (2000: 104), la escuela de Baden, con Windelband, Rickert y Weber de los ensayos metodologicos.
simply mentions "Southwest neo-Kantianism" (35) without explaining that its major figures, Wilhelm Windelband and Heinrich Rickert, sought to place the "human sciences" on an equal footing with the natural sciences by showing that the concepts employed were individual rather than abstract, and were valid for historical occurrences but not universally applicable.
Seguindo a proposta de analise da Introducao de Allan Megill, podemos perceber que nos textos de autoria de Wilhelm Dilthey, Karl Lamprecht, Wilhelm Windelband, Heinrich Rickert, Max Weber e Friedrich Meinecke a questao sobre o metodo e a concepcao da antinomia entre as ciencias naturais e as ciencias humanas ocupam o centro das preocupacoes.
I shall briefly discuss this connection between the historical theory of law and German Idealism as representative of early nineteenth century German historicism before highlighting the connection Beiser draws between the Southwest Neo-Kantianism of thinkers such as Windelband, Rickert, and Lask.
The holy as a noun was known to Otto, most probably from works by Wilhelm Windelband, an influential Neo-Kantian philosopher well known for his 1893 A History of Philosophy, who used word the holy in his writings before Otto.
They vary in their value all the way from Lewes to Zeller and Windelband.
Pero nosotros aqui en Maracaibo, desde el principio, nos dimos cuenta, o por lo menos sentimos que esa concepcion de Kelsen era insuficiente y entonces en vez de coger el camino del neo-kantismo de la escuela de Marburgo, que es el neo-kantismo de Kelsen, el neo-kantismo logicista, escogimos el neokantismo de la escuela de Baden, que es el mismo neokantismo de Wilhelm Windelband y Heinrich Rickert, etc.
Si bien los origenes de los metodos cualitativos pueden rastrearse en la tradicion alemana del siglo XIX (Schleiermacher, Dilthey, Windelband, Rickert, Weber), es luego de la Segunda Guerra, y bajo un contexto de suspicacia frente al paradigma cientifico y sus promesas de bienestar y emancipacion social, que comienzan las disputas metodologicas entre los enfoques cualitativos y cuantitativos.