Windows


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Windows

(operating system)

chaff

The general name applied to radar confusion refractors, which consists of thin, narrow, metallic strips of various lengths and frequency responses fired into or dropped through the atmosphere in order to deflect radar signals and so prevent detection by the enemy radar. These radar-reflective particulate matter or dipoles are sized to known or suspected enemy wavelengths. This is the earliest form of electronic warfare. Also known as windows.

Windows

The most widely used operating system for desktop and laptop computers. Developed by Microsoft, Windows primarily runs on x86-based computers (the ubiquitous PC), although versions have run on Intel's Itanium CPUs. Windows provides a graphical user interface and desktop environment in which applications are displayed in resizable, movable windows on screen.

Windows comes in both client and server versions, all of which support networking, the difference being that the server architecture is designed for dedicated server hardware. Although they can easily share their data with other users on the network, the client versions of Windows are geared to running user applications. While Windows is the dominant desktop OS, Linux is the leading server OS. See Linux, operating system, smartphone operating system and embedded OS.

Thin Windows Clients
In many organizations, Windows runs in a thin client environment, whereby the user's PC functions like a terminal to a central server. For more details, see Remote Desktop Services.

Windows Versions
Starting with Windows 1.0 in 1985, the OS evolved into numerous incarnations. It originally was a graphical extension to the DOS operating system but was integrated with DOS as of Windows 95. For version history, see Windows versions. See Microsoft Bob.

Windows How to's
All the Windows "how to's" in this encyclopedia have a "Win" prefix in front of their name in order to group them together; for example, Win Change Windows appearance and Win Desktop search. For fundamentals on how to work with Windows, see Win abc's, Win8 abc's and Win10 abc's.
References in classic literature ?
Now we have had a week of fog and rain, and whether the windows are open or not, the smell is here.
Being in this disconsolate state, I heard, or at least thought I heard, some kind of grating noise on that side of my box where the staples were fixed; and soon after I began to fancy that the box was pulled or towed along the sea; for I now and then felt a sort of tugging, which made the waves rise near the tops of my windows, leaving me almost in the dark.
After he had kissed her Aladdin said: "I beg of you, Princess, in God's name, before we speak of anything else, for your own sake and mine, tell me what has become of an old lamp I left on the cornice in the hall of four-and-twenty windows, when I went a-hunting.
The end I had come in at was quite above ground, and was lit by rare slit-like windows.
If you don't look sharp, you'll have your topgallant yards through the windows of that 'ere warehouse presently
And travellers, now, within that valley, Through the red-litten windows see Vast forms, that move fantastically To a discordant melody, While, lie a ghastly rapid river, Through the pale door A hideous throng rush out forever And laugh -- but smile no more.
And now again the music swells, and the dreams live, and writhe to and fro more merrily than ever, taking hue from the many tinted windows through which stream the rays from the tripods.
The row of return on the banquet side, let it be all stately galleries: in which galleries let there be three, or five, fine cupolas in the length of it, placed at equal distance; and fine colored windows of several works.
He had found out from a boy that there was only an old woman in charge as caretaker, and she only came there on fine days, from the hamlet near, to open and shut the windows.
That slate tower bang over the porch, with the dormer windows and the iron railing and flagstaff atop makes us a present of the period.
Every one who was left in the hall flew to the windows, climbing the walls in order to see, and repeating, "La Esmeralda
They turned and looked at the serene front with its gold-rimmed windows, to him the shrine of so much adoration.