Windows


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Windows

(operating system)

chaff

The general name applied to radar confusion refractors, which consists of thin, narrow, metallic strips of various lengths and frequency responses fired into or dropped through the atmosphere in order to deflect radar signals and so prevent detection by the enemy radar. These radar-reflective particulate matter or dipoles are sized to known or suspected enemy wavelengths. This is the earliest form of electronic warfare. Also known as windows.

Windows

The most widely used operating system for desktop and laptop computers. Developed by Microsoft, Windows primarily runs on x86-based computers (the ubiquitous PC), although versions have run on Intel's Itanium CPUs. Windows provides a graphical user interface and desktop environment in which applications are displayed in resizable, movable windows on screen.

Windows comes in both client and server versions, all of which support networking, the difference being that the server architecture is designed for dedicated server hardware. Although they can easily share their data with other users on the network, the client versions of Windows are geared to running user applications. While Windows is the dominant desktop OS, Linux is the leading server OS. See Linux, operating system, smartphone operating system and embedded OS.

Thin Windows Clients
In many organizations, Windows runs in a thin client environment, whereby the user's PC functions like a terminal to a central server. For more details, see Remote Desktop Services.

Windows Versions
Starting with Windows 1.0 in 1985, the OS evolved into numerous incarnations. It originally was a graphical extension to the DOS operating system but was integrated with DOS as of Windows 95. For version history, see Windows versions. See Microsoft Bob.

Windows How to's
All the Windows "how to's" in this encyclopedia have a "Win" prefix in front of their name in order to group them together; for example, Win Change Windows appearance and Win Desktop search. For fundamentals on how to work with Windows, see Win abc's, Win8 abc's and Win10 abc's.
References in classic literature ?
Here the fellow tore frantically at what appeared to be but a piece of the blank wall opposite the single window.
Having done that, it came beneath the window, and a head looked in.
There was a smell like rain in the still, heavy air, and I put my hand out of window.
Yes," said Monsieur de Marquet, "but what you have not guessed is that this single window in the vestibule, though it has no iron bars, has solid iron blinds.
cried the little girl; and as he perceived her fright, he pulled up another rose, got in at the window, and hastened off from dear little Gerda.
Outside in the garden, with his figure outlined against the luminous square, there stood a man, his back to the road, his two hands upon the window ledge, and his body rather bent as though he were trying to peep in past the blind.
He swallowed the snubs of his superiors in that first quarrel, though he boiled with resentment; but when he suddenly saw the two heads dark against the dawn and framed in the two windows, he could not miss the chance, not only of revenge, but of the removal of the two obstacles to his promotion.
Creeping on, they found that the next window revealed two men in shirt-sleeves playing billiards with two young ladies.
I listened at the window attentively before I ventured on taking my lantern out of my coatpocket.
She leaned forward and pressed her face against the window just as the carriage gave a big jolt.
Grewgious, who had asked all these questions, with his preoccupied glance directed out at window.
Crackit went to the window, and shaking all over, drew in his head.