Staffordshire

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Staffordshire

(stăf`ərdshĭr), county (1991 pop. 1,020,300), 1,157 sq mi (2,997 sq km), W central England. The county seat is StaffordStafford,
city (1991 pop. 60,915) and district, Staffordshire, W central England, on the Sow River, above its junction with the Trent. Stafford's chief industry is the manufacture of electrical goods; other products are concrete, shoes and shoe-repairing machinery, and salt.
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. Administratively, Staffordshire is divided into the districts of Cannock Chase, East Staffordshire, Lichfield, Newcastle-under-Lyme, South Staffordshire, Stafford, Staffordshire Moorlands, and Tamworth. The terrain is gently undulating except for a district of rugged moorlands in the north. The principal river is the Trent, which has various tributaries.

Much of the land is devoted to cattle pasturage. In the north the PotteriesPotteries, the,
area, c.9 mi (15 km) long and 3 mi (4.8 km) wide, Staffordshire, W central England, extending northwest-southeast in the upper Trent valley. The area includes Stoke-on-Trent and part of Newcastle-under-Lyme.
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 district, centered at Stoke-on-TrentStoke-on-Trent,
city and unitary authority (1991 pop. 272,446), W central England. Stoke-on-Trent forms the bulk of the area known as the Potteries. Situated in a coal field, the city is the center of the Staffordshire pottery-making industry.
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 (now administratively separate), is known for its manufacture of fine china (Wedgwood and Spode), glass, bricks, and clay pottery. The Black CountryBlack Country,
highly industrialized region, historically mostly in Staffordshire but partly in Worcestershire and Warwickshire, W central England. It includes Dudley, Rowley Regis (see Warley), Tipton, Walsall, Wednesbury, West Bromwich, and Wolverhampton.
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, with its formerly extensive coal fields, foundries, and iron and steel mills, was historically largely in the county's south. Burton upon TrentBurton upon Trent,
urban area (1991 pop. 47,930), Staffordshire, W central England, on the Trent River and the Grand Trunk Canal. Brewing, begun there by Benedictine monks, is the most famous industry. From the 11th cent.
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 is famous for its breweries, and LichfieldLichfield,
town (1991 pop. 25,408) and district, Staffordshire, W central England. Lichfield is a market town with light industries, famous for its three-spired cathedral and its close associations with Dr. Samuel Johnson, who was born there in 1709.
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 for its cathedral. The Univ. of Keele is at Keele. The region was once a part of the Anglo-Saxon kingdom of MerciaMercia
, one of the kingdoms of Anglo-Saxon England, consisting generally of the region of the Midlands. It was settled by Angles c.500, probably first along the Trent valley.
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. In 1974, Staffordshire was reorganized as a nonmetropolitan county.

Staffordshire

 

a county in Great Britain; located in the Trent River basin, partly in the Midlands and partly in the foothills of the Pennine Range. Area, 3,000 sq km. Population, 984,600 (1973). The most important city is Stafford.

Staffordshire

a county of central England: lowlands in the east and south rise to the Pennine uplands in the north; important in the history of industry, coal and iron having been worked at least as early as the 13th century. In 1974 the industrial area in the S passed to the new county of West Midlands; Stoke-on-Trent became an independent unitary authority in 1997. Administrative centre: Stafford. Pop. (excluding Stoke-on-Trent): 811 000 (2003 est.). Area (excluding Stoke-on-Trent): 2624 sq. km (1013 sq. miles)
References in periodicals archive ?
50; children pounds 1 Blackbrook Zoological Park Winkhill, Leek, Staffordshire 01538 308293 www.
The African White-backed Vulture, called Bones, vanished from an enclosure in Blackbrook Zoological Park, in Winkhill, near Leek, Staffordshire.
50; child pounds 3 BLACKBROOK ZOOLOGICAL PARK Winkhill, Leek, Staffordshire 01538 308293 www.