Winter Olympic Games

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Winter Olympic Games


the largest international combined winter sports competition. The Winter Olympic Games take place once every four years, the same year as the regular Olympics. The first Winter Olympics were held in Chamonix, France, in 1924; the second, in Saint Moritz, Switzerland (1928); the third, in Lake Placid, USA (1932); the fourth, in Garmisch-Partenkirchen, Germany (1936); the fifth, in Saint Moritz (1948); the sixth, in Oslo, Norway (1952); the seventh, in Cortina d’Ampezzo, Italy (1956); the eighth, in Squaw Valley, California, USA (I960); the ninth, in Innsbruck, Austria (1964); the tenth, in Grenoble, France (1968); and the 11th, in Sapporo, Japan (1972).

The Winter Olympics program, which has undergone several changes during the history of the games, includes competition in the biathlon (individual competitions and 4 x 7.5 km relay races with shooting), Alpine skiing (downhill, slalom, and giant slalom), bobsledding, luge, Nordic skiing (cross-country races, ski jumping, and Nordic combined—a 15-km race and ski jumping), speed skating, figure skating, and ice hockey.

Norwegian and Soviet athletes haye had the greatest successes at the Winter Olympics. Since 1956, Soviet athletes have taken part in all events of the Winter Olympics program, with the exception of bobsledding and, until 1972, luge. At the seventh through llth Winter Olympics, Soviet athletes won 38 gold, 26 silver, and 27 bronze medals. Among the winners at the Winter Olympics have been 91 Soviet athletes, including L. P. Skoblikova (six gold medals) and E. R. Grishin (four gold medals) in speed skating; K. S. Boiarskikh, G. A. Kulakova (three gold medals each) and V. P. Vedenin (two gold medals) in skiing; V. F. Mamatov and A. I. Tikhonov in the biathlon; and L. E. Belousova and O. A. Protopopov in figure skating (two gold medals each). The Soviet ice hockey team has been a four-time Winter Olympics champion; three of those times the team has included the hockey players V. S. Davydov, V. R. Kuz’kin, A. P. Pagulin, and A. V. Firsov; and twice the players V. V. Aleksandrov, V. I. Vikulov, O. A. Zaitsev, V. V. Zimin, V. S. Konovalenko, B. A. Maiorov, E. D. Mishakov, I. A. Romishevskii, and V. I. Starshinov.


References in periodicals archive ?
The central and local governments should continue to consult closely to come up with ways to take advantage of PyeongChang's identity as one of the rare winter Olympic hosts in Asia.
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Sport and Recreation Minister Grant Robertson congratulates snowboarder Zoi Sadowski-Synnott on winning the bronze medal in the Womens Big Air at the Winter Olympics in PyeongChang, South Korea today.
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The International Olympic Committee announced yesterday that it had disqualified three members of the fourth-placed Russian crew, led by Alexander Kasjanov, as a result of the findings of the Oswald Commission hearings into state-sponsored doping during the Sochi 2014 Winter Olympics.
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Zhukov, who is also the first deputy speaker of the Russian parliament's lower house, was one of the main figures behind the successful 2014 Winter Olympic and Paralympic Games in Russia earlier this year.
After a slow start against the Swiss yesterday, Muirhead rallied her troops to win in the last end and secure the medal that sees Great Britain at least equal their best-ever Winter Olympic medal haul from 1924 in Chamonix - four - with the men's curling final against Canada to come today.
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Torch Relay of XXII Winter Olympic Games in Sochi in 2014.
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