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the larvae of click beetles (Elateridae); pests of many agricultural crops and trees. The body resembles a piece of wire: it is long, thin, cylindrical (less commonly, flat), and covered with a thick cuticula. The coloration is yellow, cinnamon brown, or chestnut; rarely is it gray. There are three pairs of legs of equal length (in contrast to the legs of false wire-worms of the family Tenebrionidae). The USSR has more than 50 species of destructive wireworms. The worms usually live in soil, and their development into adults takes three to five years.

Many wireworm species feed on sown seeds and on the underground parts of plants. The most commonly infested crops include corn, sugar beets, potatoes, wheat, and rye. Wireworms cause considerable damage to seedlings in nurseries and in shel-terbelts for fields. The most common, numerous, and destructive larvae are Agriotes obscurus, A. sputator, A. linealus, A. gur-gistanus, Selatosumus latus, S. aeneus, and S. spretus.

There are several effective control measures, including destruction of weeds (especially feather grass, on which wire-worms often feed), use of ammonia fertilizers, and liming of acid soils. Also effective in destroying the larvae, pupae, and eggs of click beetles are autumn plowing, presowing cultivation of fall-plowed fields, and deep interrow tilling. Seeds may be treated with insecticides before sowing. To protect small areas the use of poisoned bait plants, that is, oat, barley, or corn seeds impregnated with insecticide, is effective. Broadcast before the actual crop is sown, the bait plants yield toxic shoots that destroy the wireworms.


Pospelov, S. M., M. V. Arsen’eva, and G. S. Gruzdev. Zashchita rastenii. Leningrad, 1973.


References in periodicals archive ?
Planting soon after oviposition may reduce damage because small wireworms are less likely to damage germinating sugarcane and this time period corresponds with a warmer time of the year which greatly speeds germination and emergence (Ingram et al.
Hence, our objective was to determine the abundance and spatial distribution of wireworms in Florida sugarcane fields on muck versus sandy soils.
This first study determined where to sample for wireworms within a sugarcane field since this information was necessary for later population dynamic study.
Taking their cue from previous studies showing that the wild potatoes are resistant to Colorado potato beetles and green peach aphids, two disparate pests, the researchers decided to pit the plants against hungry wireworms as well.
Wireworms are most likely to infest newly broken ground like grassland, and as a rule tend to disappear with continued and thorough cultivation.
The creative was directed at Alberta potato growers where wireworm is a recognized problem and the majority of potatoes are destined for fries.
He has recently started to clear and cultivate an area of grass in readiness for a new vegetable garden and has noticed dozens of the wireworms in the soil.
peasants shake the corm boxes wireworms still infest,
However, there is another potential hazard to baled silage, which has until nowbeen overlooked, and that is the damage which can be caused by wireworms.
It is widely used for the control of soil dwelling and foliar feeding insects including wireworms, white grubs, weevils, stem borers, aphids and several other insects [8].
I HAVE a terrible problem with wireworms in my garden and a massive 4ins one made its way into my house.
In the widespread trials, the best Sarpo clones have also shown resistance to viruses, slugs and wireworms, so the foliage and tubers have grown vigorously on all the sites, producing such substantial foliage that it had the added advantage of smothering weeds.