Wisdom of Solomon


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Wisdom of Solomon

or

Wisdom,

early Jewish book included in the SeptuagintSeptuagint
[Lat.,=70], oldest extant Greek translation of the Hebrew Bible made by Hellenistic Jews, possibly from Alexandria, c.250 B.C. Legend, according to the fictional letter of Aristeas, records that it was done in 72 days by 72 translators for Ptolemy Philadelphus, which
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 and the VulgateVulgate
[Lat. Vulgata editio=common edition], most ancient extant version of the whole Christian Bible. Its name derives from a 13th-century reference to it as the "editio vulgata." The official Latin version of the Roman Catholic Church, it was prepared c.A.D.
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 but not in the Hebrew Bible. The book opens with an exhortation to seek wisdom, followed by a statement on worldly attitudes. Chapter 3 is an eloquent passage on the immortality of the just and the rewards of the wicked, amplified in the next chapters. Then follows another exhortation and a transition to a section praising wisdom, ending with a prayer for it. The remainder of the book is a history of God's care of the Jews from the beginning, with a long parenthesis on the natural origin of idolatry and its folly. The style and content of the book lend themselves to quotation; for example, St. PaulPaul, Saint,
d. A.D. 64? or 67?, the apostle to the Gentiles, b. Tarsus, Asia Minor. He was a Jew. His father was a Roman citizen, probably of some means, and Paul was a tentmaker by trade. His Jewish name was Saul.
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's letters allude to passages from Wisdom. The book is probably of Alexandrian Jewish authorship—most scholars place the date in the two centuries before Jesus. Some see in it a composite work of three parts: chapters 1–6, 7–9, and 10–19, of which the third is said to resemble a PassoverPassover,
in Judaism, one of the most important and elaborate of religious festivals. Its celebration begins on the evening of the 14th of Nisan (first month of the religious calendar, corresponding to March–April) and lasts seven days in Israel, eight days in the Diaspora
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 Haggada. It is the paragon of what is called wisdom literature, a term for the Jewish philosophical writings of the pre-Christian era. The following books of the Hebrew Bible also represent this type: Job, Proverbs, Ecclesiastes, and Sirach.

Bibliography

See D. Winston, The Wisdom of Solomon (1979). See also under Old Testament ApocryphaApocrypha
[Gr.,=hidden things], term signifying a collection of early Jewish writings excluded from the canon of the Hebrew scriptures. It is not clear why the term was chosen.
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.

References in periodicals archive ?
The intellectual atmosphere in Alexandrian Egypt, which Collins illuminates through frequent reference to Philo, goes a long way toward explaining the new themes in Wisdom of Solomon.
Finding common ground between these two, almost equallybalanced, forces would exhaust the patience of Job and the wisdom of Solomon.
THE judge in the trial of a son accused of murder for helping his ailing father to die with dignity appears to have come close to finding the elusive Wisdom of Solomon.
There is sympathy to be had for both sides in a case that would test the wisdom of Solomon.
Gina's uphill climb to reach her goal as DENR secretary was a tall call decision, that perhaps, the wisdom of Solomon must be sought," Pacquiao said, but did not say how many voted against her or who abstained from voting.
She examines the semantic fields related to law and justice and concludes that in Sirach and Wisdom of Solomon diaspora Jews address issues of assimilation and marginalization by re-interpreting "the Torah in light of wisdom and its observance in light of justice" (p.
Focusing on the Book of Proverbs, the Book of Ben Sira, and the Wisdom of Solomon as exemplary works of Jewish wisdom literature, this investigation of disciplinary terminology will reveal how these sources value discipline as both educational content and the (typically punitive) means of acquiring this content.
Synopsis: In "The Wisdom of Solomon and Us: The Quest for Meaning, Morality and a Deeper Relationship with God", Rabbi Marc D.
The actual texts included are too numerous to mention here, but among them are the Septuagint; the Book of Jubilees; Pseudo-Philo's Book of Biblical Antiquities; generous selections of the writings of Philo and Josephus; various testaments, including the Testament of Abraham and the Testaments of the Twelve Patriarchs; wisdom literature, such as the Wisdom of Solomon and the Wisdom of Ben Sira; stories set in biblical and early post-biblical times, such as Joseph and Asenath, Judith, and Tobit; historical writings from post-biblical times, including 1 and 2 Maccabees; and numerous sectarian texts found at Qumran, such as the Rule of the Community and the Temple Scroll.
The Demoulas family could surely use a mediator with the patience of Job and the wisdom of Solomon, but it remains unclear to us what specific, legal public interest is at stake in the battle for control of a privately held supermarket chain, or what set of events constitutes a breach of whatever threshold Mr.
Metaphors or ideas expressed in Israel's Wisdom literature that emerge in the Gospel of John can be found in such books as Proverbs, Sirach, Wisdom of Solomon, Baruch and Enoch.
I SHOULD begin with congratulating the new Police and Crime Commissioner and hoping that he has the wisdom of Solomon.