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Wismar(vĭs`mär), city (1994 pop. 53,149), Mecklenburg–West Pomerania, N central Germany, on the Baltic Sea. It is an industrial center and an oil and fishing port. Manufactures include metal products and refined sugar, and there are shipbuilding yards in the city. Wismar was (1256–1306) the residence of the princes of Mecklenburg and later became one of the most flourishing members of the Hanseatic League. Under the Peace of Westphalia (1648) the city passed to Sweden, but in 1803 Sweden pledged it to Mecklenburg-Schwerin with the privilege of recall within 100 years. In 1903, Sweden renounced all rights to the city. Wismar was badly damaged in World War II, but the medieval town center was left intact. There are several Gothic churches and many medieval houses.
a city in the Rostock district of the German Democratic Republic (GDR). Located on the southern shore of Wismar Bay, on the Baltic Sea. Population, 55,300 (1969). It is a principal fishing port of the GDR and one of the largest ports in freight turnover, with a shipyard and industries servicing it, as well as sugar-refining, woodworking, paper, and chemical industries.
Wismar (Slavic, Vishemir) was one of the ancient trading centers of the Polabian Slavs (the Bodrichi); in the 12th and 13th centuries it was subjected to Germanization. Enfranchised as a city in 1229, Wismar served as the residence of the Mecklenburg princes from 1256 to 1358. It was one of the most important cities of the Hanseatic League. Wismar belonged to Sweden from 1648 to 1803 (formally to 1903).