Witan


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Witan

(religion, spiritualism, and occult)

The Witan, or Witenagemot, was the national council of "wise ones" who advised the Anglo-Saxon kings in early Britain. For example, King Alfred asked the advice of the Witan regarding the testamentary disposition of his private inheritance. He also consulted his Witan before making peace with Guthrum. The Witan started as a small group of advisors but with the king of Wessex becoming the king of all England, the Witan also grew in size.

The group was composed chiefly of eorls, or nobles of hereditary rank, together with gesiths, or professional warriors. As a lawmaker, the king seldom acted without his Witan. There are many instances to show that this Witan was also able to elect a king. By late Old English times the Witan had many ceremonial functions, joining the king when he received ambassadors and, by the eleventh century, joining him in public feasting.

The word "Witan" comes from the same root as the Old English wiccian, "to work sorcery." Henry Sweet's The Student's Dictionary of Anglo-Saxon cites the Anglo-Saxon wita/io/ge (m) meaning "a sage or wise man," and witeg/a or witga, "a wise man or prophet."

Speaking of a modern tradition of Witchcraft, Edain McCoy says, "Witta, the Irish Gaelic term for the Anglo-Saxon word Wicca, is one of the Irish names of the craft."

References in periodicals archive ?
Neither the Constitution nor the Acting Witan would permit me, or anyone else, to become the King of Mercia.
Today, Earnings Review released its analysts' notes regarding Reed Elsevier plc (LON: REL), Vesuvius plc (LON: CKSN), Witan Investment Trust plc (LON: WTAN), Direct Line Insurance Group PLC (LON: DLG) and Electrocomponents plc (LON: ECM).
Here the Lay looks backwards to the Coast-Guard words addressed to Beowulf on the latter's arrival to Hrothgar's kingdom: "^ghwaepres sceal / scearp scyldwiga gescad witan, / worda ond worca, se pe wel penceo" [a wise shield-warrior who intends well should be able to discern words from works] (Beowulf, ll.
Witan, an investment trusts launched in 1909, claims to have turned a pounds 100 investment in 1952 into the princely sum of pounds 143,719 - assuming the reinvestment of all dividends and no withdrawals over 60 years.
Witan, an investment trust launched in 1909, claims to have turned a pounds 100 investment in 1952 into the princely sum of pounds 143,719 - assuming the reinvestment of all dividends and no withdrawals over 60 years.
TOPCIMA success award sponsored by Witan Jardine: to be announced on the night.
Jeff is the convenor of a 1,000-strong group called The Acting Witan of Mercia.
50am yesterday by the North Witan roundabout, off the H5 Portway in Milton Keynes, Buckinghamshire.
Today I would go for regular saving in a flagship investment trust with international exposure like Alliance, Foreign & Colonial and Witan.
Full name of person(s) subject to the notification obligation (iii): Witan Investment Trust plc (4).
Its clients includes BNP Paribas, Quilter, TISA (Tax Incentivised Savings Association) and Witan Investment Services.
And within the past month, Witan Investment Trust has also announced its 37th year of annual dividend increases.