Woolly Rhinoceros


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Woolly Rhinoceros

 

(Coelodonta antiquitatis), an extinct odd-toed ungulate of the family Rhinocerotidae. The woolly rhinoceros was larger than modern rhinoceroses (its height at the shoulders was more than 2 m), and it was covered with thick, woolly hair. The body was massive, with a fatty hump on the neck and two horns on the head—one on the nose (up to 1 m long) and one farther back on the forehead (significantly shorter). The woolly rhinoceros and the mammoth inhabited the tundra and forest tundra, feeding on grasses, pine needles, shrubs, and the shoots of young trees. In the late Pleistocene epoch the woolly rhinoceros was distributed throughout Europe (with the exception of the extreme southern areas) and northern Asia. In the permafrost mountain rocks of Eastern Siberia, bones and even carcasses of woolly rhinoceroses have been found, covered with dark brown fur. Two carcasses without hair were found in the western Ukraine in clayey sands saturated with oil. Late Stone Age man hunted the woolly rhinoceros. Rock paintings of the animal have been preserved.

REFERENCE

Gekker, R. F. Razvitie zhizni na zemle: Al’bom nagliadnykh posobii. Moscow, 1947.

B. A. TROFIMOV

References in periodicals archive ?
Six AMS radiocarbon assays have been measured on beaver, arctic fox, horse and woolly rhinoceros bone collagen at the Angstrom Laboratory, Uppsala University.
New archaeological research revealed today that artefacts around 30,000 years old, including spear foreshafts made of woolly rhinoceros horn and mammoth tusk,have been found in northern Siberia.
They have been arguing on whether climate change or humans are responsible for the extinctions of the large-bodied Ice Age mammals (commonly called megafauna) such as the woolly rhinoceros and woolly mammoth.
But now artefacts from around 30,000 years old, including spear shafts made of woolly rhinoceros horn and mammoth tusk, have been found in northern Siberia.
Washington, Sept 8 (ANI): Scientists at the University of Oviedo (UO) and the Complutense University of Madrid (UCM) have revealed that although in small numbers, the woolly mammoth, the woolly rhinoceros and the reindeer already lived in the Iberian Peninsula 150,000 years ago.
The Neanderthals may have just eaten the plain jerky, which could have been made from horse, red deer, woolly rhinoceros, bison, as well as mammoth, based on bone finds.
Researchers suggest it was this deterioration in food supply that led to the extinction of the cave bear, one of a group of 'megafauna', including woolly mammoth, woolly rhinoceros, giant deer and cave lion, to disappear during the last Ice Age.