Work Period

Work Period

 

a part of production time during which workers operate directly on an object of labor in order to produce a finished product of labor. A work period does not include interruptions in the labor process or the time during which an object of labor is acted upon by natural forces without human participation, for example, in drying wood and in chemical reactions.

Upon considering the relationship between a work period and a workday, K. Marx characterized a work period as being “a definite number of consequent workdays required in a certain branch of a production sector for the completion of the finished product” (K. Marx and F. Engels, Soch, 2nd ed., vol. 24, p. 259). Work periods differ in length in different branches of material production, depending on both the nature of the production process and the product of labor being manufactured. For example, yarn and fabrics are made in a few hours, while a rug may take a week to make and a tapestry may take years. A modular residential building can be constructed in several months, while a large electric power plant takes several years to build.

Scientific and technological progress leads to the reduction of a work period. Under capitalism, however, a decrease in a work period is accompanied by an intensification of labor and the use of the sweatshop system. Under socialism, the work period decreases and the intensity of labor for workers remains normal; this is a result of planned measures to improve the organization of production and labor, refine technological processes, specialize production, and comprehensively use new scientific and technical achievements.

V. V. MOTYLEV

References in periodicals archive ?
Helsinki Region Environmental Services Authority (Business ID 2274241-9, hereinafter referred to as HSY) ask for a quotation binding EammEnssuo waste treatment center of bio-waste treatment plants for repair and maintenance work period 1.
Dhafer Neji considered that a work period of eight months is quite enough for the Prime Minister to assess the performance of his team and take appropriate measures, in accordance with Article 92 of the Constitution.
The at Hill The man His unpaid work period was extended by three months to ensure the 300 hours are completed and he was given a 7pm Saturday to 6am Sunday curfew for 16 weeks.
Miller on the occasion of his retirement and completion of his work period in Bahrain.
Ashghal will install signage in the area to notify motorists during the work period.
Bayomi went on to explain some of these differences, saying that "labor regulations in some Gulf countries allow domestic workers to work elsewhere after ending their work period with their sponsoring employer.
Ashghal will install the necessary road signs at the closure point to guide motorists during the work period.
Naima Hassan Al-Gaseer, has asserted her cooperation with the Sudan, providing her work plan for the coming statge, and lauding the Sudan's efforts in the field of the primary health care and control of epidemics, indicating that the health system in Sudan is one of the most powerful systems in the countries of the Eastern Mediterranean, referring to her previous work period in Sudan in the field of maternal and child health, praising the role of workers in this field.
Despite the ban on recruitments and without obtaining any NOC from the Establishment Division, Government of Pakistan, the then DG Pak PWD, Gulab Zameer submitted a request on February 14, 2012 for approval of look after Secretary Housing for extension in work period of 92 already appointed employees and for fresh appointment of 654 employees in Pak PWD.
8, and members of Congress will face a busy work period that is scheduled to end just about when the new federal fiscal year begins, on Oct.
As many as 17 centres, located in Abu Dhabi, Al Ain, Dubai and Sharjah, will extend the work period by 3 extra hours daily, from 9pm to midnight.
McKay sad that this became intolerable for them and he was removed from the rig and was paid up until the end of his work period, but released from the rig five days early.