Xanthorrhoea


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Xanthorrhoea

 

a genus of monocotyledonous plants of the family Xanthorrhoeceae (formerly considered to be in the family Liliaceae). There are 11 or 12 xerophilous species, growing primarily on dry Australian savannas. The plants are arborescent, sometimes slightly branched, with a rosette (or rosettes) of leaves on the top. The leaves, which are large, brittle, and linear, reach a length of 1 m. As a result of their form of growth, these plants are classified among the “grass trees.” Some species of Xanthorrhoea yield a resin that is used for making varnishes.

References in periodicals archive ?
Mort and Viv took us through the bush talking freely about their foods, their plants, trees, ways of living and surviving in the bush, the multiple ways of using grass trees, Xanthorrhoea species, as a food (the nutritious section of the inner plant), a medicine, a house (curl up under the lower fronds where the ground is always dry), a bed (make a base with the older fronds and use the newer ones as a waterproof layer on top), a fuel (burn the trunk on the fire) and for implements and furniture (from the main trunk).
sieberi and Saw Banksia Banksia serrata) on ridges, and Wet Heathland (dominated by Grass-tree Xanthorrhoea resinosa, Scented Paperbark Melaleuca squarrosa and Scrub Sheoak Allocasuarina paludosa) typically restricted to swales between coastal dunes.
The native plants for which Considen documented medicinal actions include myrtle (possibly Eugenia australis) and yellow gum (possibly Xanthorrhoea hastilis) for dysentery, and native sarsaparilla (Smilax glycyphylla) as an antiscorbutic.
The Small Grass Tree Xanthorrhoea minor--in common with other grass trees--is a slow-growing plant that has a subterranean stem.