Xi Jinping

Also found in: Dictionary, Wikipedia.
Related to Xi Jinping: Wen Jiabao, Hu Jintao

Xi Jinping

(shē jēnpēng), 1953–, Chinese political leader, b. Beijing. He is the son of Xi Zhongxun (1913–2002), a founder of China's Communist guerrilla movement who served as minister of propaganda and education and then deputy premier before falling out of favor with Mao ZedongMao Zedong
or Mao Tse-tung
, 1893–1976, founder of the People's Republic of China. Mao was one of the most prominent Communist theoreticians and his ideas on revolutionary struggle and guerrilla warfare have been extremely influential, especially among Third
..... Click the link for more information.
 and being purged in the early 1960s; Xi's father later became a promarket reformer. During the Cultural RevolutionCultural Revolution,
1966–76, mass mobilization of urban Chinese youth inaugurated by Mao Zedong in an attempt to prevent the development of a bureaucratized Soviet style of Communism.
..... Click the link for more information.
, Xi Jinping was sent to the countryside, where he was a manual laborer for six years. After joining (1974) the Communist party, he resumed his education, graduating (1979) from Tsinghua Univ.; he later (2002) earned a doctorate in law. Xi rose rapidly through the party ranks, serving in various government and party positions including governor of Fujian (2000) and Shanghai party chief (2007), and becoming known for his anticorruption and probusiness policies. In 2007 Xi was appointed to the standing committee of the party's political bureau. He was named China's vice president in 2008 and vice chairman of the central military commission in 2010.

In 2012 Xi succeeded Hu JintaoHu Jintao
, 1942–, Chinese political leader, b. Jixi, Anhui prov. A hydroelectric engineering graduate (1965) of Tsinghua Univ., he joined the Chinese Communist party in 1964 and worked for the ministry of water conservancy until 1974, when he transferred to the Gansu
..... Click the link for more information.
 as party general secretary and central military commission chairman; Xi became China's president in 2013. Xi moved more assertively than Hu or Hu's predecessor Jiang ZeminJiang Zemin
, 1926–, Chinese government official, general secretary of the Chinese Communist party (1989–2002) and president of China (1993–2003), b. Jiangsu prov.
..... Click the link for more information.
 to establish his control over the party and government. Under his leadership dissidents and perceived political opponents continued to be subject to arrest and trial, and the party increased its oversight the media. A prolonged, wide-ranging anticorruption campaign, at least partly aimed at Xi's opponents and marred by accusations of torture and forced confessions, was mounted. His presidency also has been marked by an emphasis on modernization, continued economic development, and increased international assertiveness. In 2015 he became the first Chinese leader to meet with the president of Taiwan.

Xi's power and stature within China were marked by a 2016 declaration that named him China's core leader, and by 2017 he had become China's most powerful leader since Mao. In 2018 his election to a second presidential term coincided with the removal of the two-term limit on the Chinese presidency.

References in periodicals archive ?
Summary: TEHRAN (FNA)- Iranian President Mahmoud Ahmadinejad, in a message to his Chinese counterpart, congratulated Xi Jinping on his appointment to the post.
For his part, Xi Jinping expressed his country's interest in developing relations with Morocco, taking advantage of the reforms undertaken by the Kingdom under the leadership of HM King Mohammed VI.
Xi Jinping stressed that both China and the US should well implement the important consensus reached by the two heads of state, carefully plan and arrange exchanges at high level and various levels between both countries, well host the second round of four high-level dialogue mechanisms between China and the US, and speed up the implementation of bilateral cooperative agreements and projects.
Beijing [China], October 25 ( ANI ): China has announced its new leadership lineup with President Xi Jinping as the general secretary of the Communist Party of China (CPC) Central Committee for the second term.
The President is scheduled to hold bilateral meetings with President Xi Jinping.
Inter-delegation meeting which was attended by Turkish President Recep Tayyip Erdoy-an and China President Xi Jinping held at Great People Hall in capital Beijing.
Talking to the media regarding the visit of President Xi Jinping and his speech to the Parliament, Senator Mushahid Hussain termed the visit of President Xi Jinping to Pakistan as an 'historic and landmark visit which will have long term consequences for the development of Pakistan China relations'.
During the visit, President Xi Jinping will meet the President, who will also host a luncheon in honour of the visiting dignitary.
President of Kyrgyzstan Almazbek Atambayev sent a congratulatory message to President of China XI Jinping.
BNA) -- His Royal Highness Prime Minister Prince Khalifa bin Salman Al Khalifa has received a cable of thanks from the Chinese President Xi Jinping, in reply to his congratulatory cable on China's National Day.
Both sides attach high importance to the visit of President Xi Jinping to Pakistan, as early as possible, for promoting mutually beneficial cooperation between the two countries.
BRUSSELS, March 31 (KUNA) -- The President of the Euroean Parliament Martin Schulz Monday met here Monday with visiting President of China Xi Jinping.