Paracel Islands

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Paracel Islands

(päräsĕl`), Chin. Xisha, group of low coral islands and reefs in the South China Sea, c.175 mi (280 km) SE of Hainan island. They are rich in guano and are underlain by oil deposits. Prior to World War II the islands were part of French Indochina and served as a weather station. During the war they were occupied by Japan but passed to China and French Indochina (later South Vietnam) in the postwar years. The South Vietnamese maintained a weather station and small garrison there until 1974, when they were attacked and driven from the islands by Chinese armed forces; China administers the islands as part of Hainan prov. Chinese ownership of the archipelago is contested by Vietnam and Taiwan.
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For example, the so-called Xisha cruises were conducted to study the warm eddies near the Xisha Islands, and the southern SCS cruises were conducted to study the mini warm pool--a large area of warm water with a mixed-layer temperature of greater than 29[degrees]C (Wang and Wang 2006).
The Xisha islands are one of the major island groups in the West Philippine Sea, also known as the South China Sea.
Many merchant ships encounter difficulties at Xisha Island Group's Langhua Jiao (Reef) and Bei Jiao (North Reef).
Lu's remarks at a press briefing in Beijing came after a US Navy guided-missile destroyer sailed 12 nautical miles (22 kilometers) of Zhongjian Dao (Triton Island) in Beijing-controlled Xisha Islands (Paracel Islands) on Saturday.
Sansha City, on Yongxing, one of the Xisha islands, was officially established in 2012 to administer the Xisha, Zhongsha and Nansha island groups and their surrounding waters in the South China Sea.
In a statement, COSL said exploration would still take place off the Xisha islands, China's name for the disputed Paracel chain, suggesting the rig was not moving far.
Xinhua said: "Crew aboard the boat were saved after their ship jostled a fishing boat from Dongfang City in southern China's Hainan province and overturned in the waters near China's Xisha Islands.
The Chinese navy said a Chinese patrolling vessel "fired into the sky two warning signal shells, which burned out and extinguished in the air" after having repeatedly trying to warn the Vietnamese boats to leave the territorial waters off China's Xisha Islands, Xinhua News Agency said.
Haijian 84 and Haijian 74 left Guangzhou port on Monday and arrived at the waters South to the Xisha Islands, an administration statement said, adding that they would continue patrolling to the South, Xinhua reported.
China, for example, refers to the Paracel Islands as the Xisha islands, to the Spratly Islands as the Nansha islands, to Scarborough Shoal as Huangyan island, and to the Senkaku Islands as the Diaoyu islands.
China contends that it infringes upon China's territorial sovereignty: China believes it has indisputable sovereignty over Xisha Islands and Nansha Islands and their adjacent waters.
1 billion dollars), including opening the disputed Xisha Islands to tourists later this month.