Xylocopinae


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Xylocopinae

 

or carpenter bees, a subfamily of insects of the family Apidae (bees). They are similar to bumblebees. They are large (26-28 mm), and coloration may be black, dark blue, or dark violet, often with metallic hues. There are about 300 species, found chiefly in the tropics. In the USSR there are 16 species. The female eats into wood, making a passage (reaching 30 cm in length) which she divides into cells, and lays one egg in each cell. In the southern USSR the violet carpenter bee (Xylocopa violacea) is common.

References in periodicals archive ?
Lead author Sandra Rehan, an assistant professor of biological sciences at UNH, worked with colleagues Michael Schwarz at Australia's Flinders University and Remko Leys at the South Australia Museum to model a mass extinction in bee group Xylocopinae, or carpenter bees, at the end of the Cretaceous and beginning of the Paleogene eras, known as the K-T boundary.