Yacht Racing


Also found in: Wikipedia.

Yacht Racing

 

racing in sailboats. The current Olympic class sailboats are the Finn (one-man centerboarder), the Flying Dutchman and 470 (two-man centerboarders), the Star, the Soling (three-man keelboat), and the Tornado (two-man catamaran). Continental and World Championship races are also held in other classes, such as the Tempest (two-man keelboat), Dragon, Fireball, and 505. Races are held over a round-trip course with special course markers. The distance of these races is 20–30 km. The winner is determined by the overall score for several races, usually seven. Long-distance races, for example, the Leningrad-Riga race, are held for cruising yachts. Some established transoceanic races are held annually. These include races between America and Europe and America and Hawaii.

Sailing as a sport originated in Great Britain in the 18th century. The first yacht club was founded in the city of Cork, Ireland, in 1720. In Russia, the first yacht club for river sailing was founded in 1860 in St. Petersburg, and by the late 19th century there were more than 50 clubs. Sailing has been part of the Olympic games since 1908. Russian yachtsmen participated for the first time in the Olympic Games in Stockholm in 1912, winning a bronze medal. After the October Revolution of 1917, sail racing was developed in the trade union sports associations and the yacht clubs of the Soviet Navy. In 1928 yachting was introduced into the program of the All-Union Spartakiad. The Yacht Racing Section of the USSR, founded in 1936, held the first national regatta, which was won by I. P. Matveev and N. A. Miasnikov. Sailing was included in the Uniform Ail-Union Sports Classification in 1939.

Yachtsmen from Leningrad and the Volga Region were successful competitors in the regattas of the 1930’s, while sailors from Moscow and the Baltic republics have tended to dominate postwar racing. Races have been held mainly in sailboats of the national classes, designed by R. E. Alekseev, P. T. Butte, N. V. Grigor’ev, A. P. Kiselev, E. V. Riabov, and S. V. Ukhin. The building of international class yachts in the Soviet Union began in the 1950’s in connection with the participation of Soviet yachtsmen in the Olympic Games (since 1952) and the entry (in 1956) of the Yacht Racing Section—since 1959, Yacht Racing Federation—of the USSR into the International Yacht Racing Union (IYRU). (Founded in 1907, the IYRU had a membership in 1974 that included the national federations of approximately 70 countries.) Contributions to the development of Soviet sailing were made by such promoters of physical culture and athletics as K. V. Aleksandrov, N. M. Ermakov, D. N. Korovel’skii, I. P. Lavrov, B. B. Lobach-Zhuchenko, K. V. Mel’gunov, D. G. Movchan, G. V. Ordzhonikidze, and A. A. Chumakov. Among the most successful Soviet yachtsmen are the Olympic champions T. A. Pinegin and F. V. Shutkov (1960), V. G. Mankin (1968, 1972), and V. F. Dyrdyra (1972). Other leading Soviet sailors include such winners of numerous championships and regattas as Iu. S. Anisimov, E. V. Kanskii, V. P. Leont’ev, V. Ia. Potapov, A. D. Chuchelov, Iu. S. Shavrin, and A. S. Shelkovnikov.

In 1974 the USSR had 110 yacht clubs. More than 30,000 persons were involved in yacht racing, including more than 1,500 Masters of Sports and Masters of Sports of the International Class.

Abroad, yachting is a well-developed sport in the USA, Great Britain, the Scandinavian countries, the Federal Republic of Germany (FRG), Australia, France, the German Democratic Republic (GDR), Brazil, Poland, and Italy. Winners of major international competitions have included P. Elvström (Denmark), P. Petterson (Sweden), W. Kuhweide (FRG), L. North (USA), A. Straulino (Italy), R. Pattison (Great Britain), P. Borowski (GDR), Ö. Bruder (Brazil), and E. Tabarly (France).

T. A. PINEGIN

References in classic literature ?
Of course, yacht racing is an organized pastime, a function of social idleness ministering to the vanity of certain wealthy inhabitants of these isles nearly as much as to their inborn love of the sea.
The Governor's Cup caps a stellar 12 months in yacht racing for Hickman.
Grace will be setting off for her leg of this yacht racing adventure in November 2013 and will be at sea for around 28 days.
Summary: More than thirty top level speakers from the yacht racing industry and other sports have already confirmed their participation at the World Yacht Racing Forum 2010.
New Venue and Date announced for World Yacht Racing Forum 2010Organisers of leading yacht racing business conference announce the 2010 edition of the event to take place in Estoril, Portugal from 14-15 December.
Eoe1/4EoThis marina has traditionally been the home of yacht racing in the Sultanate.
Following the outstanding success of last year's inaugural World Yacht Racing Forum which attracted over 300 delegates from 37 countries, the second edition of the Forum will return to Monaco from December 9-10 This year, a new event has also been added to the schedule - the Yacht Racing Design and Technology Symposium - which will run parallel to the Forum.
And even Griff doesn't fully understand the rules of yacht racing himself, so Team Undina must now rope in some professionals.
We evolved from there into the city versus city thing, which was an idea that came to me in the bath, based on soccer rivalry applied to yacht racing.
We started our winning partnership with VELUX in September 2005 and with less than 12 months to prepare, we delivered a fantastic race in 2006-07 which brought this classic race back to the forefront of professional offshore yacht racing and engaged with an enormous global audience.
Clipper Ventures' chairman Sir Robin KnoxJohnston said: ``This is during Liverpool's Year of the Sea and will consolidate the city's position as a venue for round the world yacht racing and home to our Clipper fleet.