Yakub Beg

Yakub Beg

 

(also Iakub-bek). Born 1820 in Pskent (Kokand Khanate); died 1877. Ruler of Dzetyshaar (literally, “Seven Cities”); Tadzhik by nationality.

In 1865, Yakub Beg was sent to Kashgar as a military aide to Haji-Buzruk, an ally of the Kokand khan who led the insurgent forces in the Kashgar region after the popular uprising against Manchu-Chinese domination in eastern Turkestan in 1864. Yakub Beg soon seized power in Kashgar and subsequently began conquering other cities in eastern Turkestan. In 1867 he proclaimed the establishment of the sovereign state of Dzetyshaar; he became the ruler of the state, which included almost the entire area of present-day Sinkiang. After Yakub Beg’s death, a struggle ensued among the pretenders to the throne. Taking advantage of the unstable internal situation in Dzetyshaar, the Chinese Ch’ing Empire destroyed the state in 1878.

References in periodicals archive ?
Kashgaria, held by the self-proclaimed Emir Yakub Beg, was captured by Russian-backed Chinese troops and became a virtual Russian protectorate.
Both were imprisoned for several months by Kashgar's ruler, Yakub Beg.
The resented Manchus (Mongols from Manchuria) returned in the 1700s and, until 1949, power wavered between all of them and Yakub Beg (a despotic Islamic `fundamentalist' from present-day Uzbekistan); a pork butcher (with his pawnbroker assistant); and various other maverick warlords.
It's no coincidence that the Chinese renamed the region Xinjiang (`New Dominion') after ousting Yakub Beg in 1877.