Yalu


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Yalu

(yä`lo͞o`), Korean Amnok, river, c.500 mi (800 km) long, rising in the Changbai Mts. in Jilin prov., NE China, and flowing SW to the Bay of Korea at Dandong; forms part of the China–North Korea border. In places it is navigable for shallow-draft vessels, but its chief commercial use is for floating timber to sawmills. Several railroad bridges span the river. The Supung Dam above Sinuiju, North Korea, one of the largest dams in Asia, supplies hydroelectric power to China and North Korea. Chinese troops entered the Korean War by crossing the Yalu.

Yalu

 

(Chinese, Yalü Chiang; Korean, Amnok-kang), a river that forms part of the border between China and the People’s Democratic Republic of Korea.

The Yalu is 813 km long and drains an area of 63,000 sq km. The river rises on the slopes of the volcano Pai-T’ou Shan; it then cuts through the southern part of the plateau known as the Ch’ang-pai Shan and the western spurs of the Manchurian-Korean Mountains in a deep gorge before forming an estuary and emptying into West Korea Bay of the Yellow Sea.

The Yalu is fed by rain, and freshets occur in the summer. The river freezes over in the winter. The mean flow rate in the lower course is approximately 900 cu m per sec. There are reservoirs and hydroelectric power plants at Ungbong and Supung in Korea. Along the river are the cities of Hyesan and Sinuiju in Korea and Linchiang and Antung in China; the river becomes navigable at Hyesan, and oceangoing vessels can travel as far upstream as Antung.

The first land battle in the Russo-Japanese War of 1904–05 was fought along the Yalu on Apr. 18 (May 1), 1904. The Russian forces—the Eastern Detachment of the Manchurian Army—were commanded by Lieutenant General M. I. Zasulich; they had 16,500 bayonets, 2,500 sabers, 62 artillery pieces, and eight machine guns. The main body of the detachment was defending the right bank of the lower course of the Yalu, from Sahodzu to Tiurenchaeng. The First Japanese Army, under the command of General T. Kuroki, had 34,000 bayonets and sabers and 128 artillery pieces. On April 18 the army crossed the river upstream from the Russian troops and launched an attack to turn the Russians’ left flank, which was defended by separate subunits of various regiments, with about 5,000 bayonets. The Eastern Detachment was defeated as a result of the enemy’s numerical superiority, the inadequacy of the preparation of the Russian positions, the dispersion of the Russian troops, and Zasulich’s poor leadership. The Russians lost approximately 2,200 men, 21 artillery pieces, and all of their machine guns before retreating to the Ch’ien Shan. The Japanese lost more than 1,000 men.

The success of the First Japanese Army on the Yalu made it possible for the Second Japanese Army to land on the Liaotung Peninsula and launch an offensive deep into Manchuria.

Yalu

a river in E Asia, rising in N North Korea and flowing southwest to Korea Bay, forming a large part of the border between North Korea and NE China. Length: 806 km (501 miles)
References in periodicals archive ?
The cafe is only three blocks from the Friendship Bridge that spans the Yalu River, and its website calls the venue the "perfect stop off while enroute to or returning from the Hermit Kingdom".
In 1712 the Qing government established the boundary marker along the watershed line about five kilometers south of Tianchi on the Changbaishan, thus reaffirming that China and North Korea were bordered by the Yalu and Tumen (Suh 1988; Goma 2006).
Toshio Miyatsuka, a professor at Yamanashi Gakuin University, said he and his wife were detained early Tuesday while he was taking photos and video from Jian, Jilin Province, of a bridge over the Yalu River, which forms the border between China and North Korea there.
The Hwanggumphyong and Wihwa Islands Economic Zone is near the estuary of the Yalu River, a border river that runs between the two countries.
The two border islands that sit at the estuary of the Yalu River have long been tapped as a joint economic development zone between the two allies, South Korea''s News Agency (Yonhap) reported Wednesday.
He subsequently led the division in the assault on Inchon, the operation to retake Seoul, the fumbled Wonsan landing, and the ill-fated drive to the Yalu (these last two problems not of his making).
Chinese forces had crossed the Yalu River, the border between China and Korea, and attacked allied forces in great strength.
In Korea, he was on the front line at the Yalu River.
In northeastern China on the North Korean border, more than 250,000 people have been evacuated after the Yalu River broke its banks following heavy rain.
Torrential rains caused the Yalu river, which forms the border between China and North Korea, to breach its banks and overflow in both countries.
Les abondantes averses estivales ont considerablement gonfle le fleuve Yalu, qui marque la frontiere entre la Chine et la Coree du Nord.
McMahon contends that the Korean conflict was a "critical turning point" in postwar foreign policy, although others might suggest more precisely that the real rupture for the West occurred at the Yalu River, where, after clear warnings, the Chinese entered the war.