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Yap(yăp, yäp), state (1990 pop. 10,886), c.47 sq mi (121 sq km), in the W Caroline IslandsCaroline Islands,
archipelago, c.830 sq mi (2,150 sq km), W Pacific, just north of the equator. The largest islands are Palau (Belau), Yap, Chuuk (Truk), Pohnpei (Ponape), and Kosrae. The islands are fertile and rich in minerals.
..... Click the link for more information. , W Pacific. One of four states comprising the Federated States of MicronesiaMicronesia, Federated States of,
independent nation (2005 est. pop. 108,000), c.271 sq mi (702 sq km), an island group in the W Pacific Ocean. It comprises four states: Kosrae, Pohnpei (formerly Ponape), Chuuk (formerly Truk), and Yap.
..... Click the link for more information. , the island group was formerly part of the U.S. Trust Territory of the Pacific IslandsPacific Islands, Trust Territory of the,
former UN trust territory administered by the United States, consisting of the Caroline Islands, Marshall Islands, and Mariana Islands (excluding Guam). The territory included c.
..... Click the link for more information. . Yap is a communications center, the principal cable station of the Pacific and an important radio transmitting point. The Yap Islands consist of five closely grouped islands within a triangular coral reef. Discovered by the Spanish in 1791, Yap was sold to Germany in 1899. It became part of the Japanese-mandated area of the Pacific under the League of Nations in 1920 and fell to U.S. forces in 1945 during World War II. Yap is known for the stone disks used as money by the Micronesian natives.
a group of volcanic islands in the western Caroline Islands in the Pacific Ocean. The Yap Islands have an area of 100 sq km. The population of the islands is about 4,000 (1975). Elevations range to 178 m. The climate is subequatorial and oceanic; precipitation totals up to 3,000 mm annually. The islands have tropical evergreen forests and, in the interior regions, savanna vegetation.
The economy of the Yap Islands includes fishing and the cultivation of taro, sweet potato, and sugarcane. The indigenous population is Micronesian. The “money” of the local residents is unique, consisting of stone disks up to 2 m in diameter that have an opening in the center and that frequently weigh up to several tons. The Russian scientist N. N. Miklukho-Maklai was one of the first to describe the disks.
an abyssal trench along the eastern foot of the island arc of Yap and Ngulu in the Pacific Ocean. The Yap Trench is about 500 km long. The narrow, sometimes flat bottom of the trench is separated by sills into several closed depressions with average depths of 6,000 to 8,000 m; the maximum depth is 8,850 m.