Yarkand


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Yarkand

 

(Chinese, Shach’e), a city in Northwest China, in the Sinkiang-Uighur Autonomous Region, in the Yarkand valley, on the western edge of the Takla Makan Desert. Population, 30,000 (1956). Yarkand is a transportation center on the Northern Kunlun Road. It is the center of an agricultural oasis, where wheat and cotton are planted on irrigated lands; also of importance are fruit growing and sericulture. Yarkand is noted for its cottage industries, including the manufacture of carpets, tussah, and silk and cotton goods.


Yarkand

 

(in the upper course, Raskem Darya), a river in western China. A headstream of the Tarim River, the Yarkand is 1,068 km long. It is formed by meltwater from glaciers of the Karakoram. Upon emerging from the mountains, it forms an alluvial fan with numerous channels. Before its confluence with the Aksu (Ak’osu Ho) and Khotan (Hot’ien Ho), other headstreams of the Tarim, it flows along the northwestern margin of the Tarim Basin in a shifting channel. High water, caused by rain and by meltwater from snow and glaciers, occurs in the summer. The river flows intermittently on the plains in the spring. The mean flow rate is approximately 170 cu m per sec. The Yarkand irrigates the Yarkand Oasis.

References in periodicals archive ?
Esto se dio en un periodo de fortaleza militar de China, que entre 1724 y 1764, le permitio conquistar Uurumchi y Yarkand hasta el oeste del lago Baikal y en 1780 el Tibet.
In mosques in Ladakh it is not unusual to see the floors covered in layers of carpets -- the older ones towards the bottom are usually made from felt and come from Yarkand, the ones on the top are often new machine-made.
nine thugs carrying knives attacked a police station in Kashgar's Yarkand county, throwing explosive devices and setting police cars on fire," it said.
The deadly incident took place in an area known as Yarkand, not far from the city of Kashgar.
It is located on an ancient trade route connecting Ladakh to Yarkand in Xinjiang, China.
THE centuries- old campsite of Daulat Beg Oldi ( DBO) is the easternmost depressed extremity of the mighty Karakoram Range and is about 17 km southeast of the Karakoram Pass which was once used by trading caravans between Yarkand in Ladakh and Xinjiang in China.
Kanishak defeated the Parthian in the northwest and captured eastern Turkistan (Present Sinkiang of China) and captured the famous cities of Kashgar, Yarkand and Khotan.
The prospect of gaining entry into the famous trading cities of Bokhara, Yarkand, Samarkand, and Lhasa along the old Silk Route was immensely alluring.
In discussing the Middle Iranian Saka~Sogdian~Scythian ethnonymic group, he equates the Chinese name for Yarkand, which he apparently analyzes as *Sayld in another work, with *Saklai, his analysis of the name of the ancestral nation of the Puyo-Koguryoic people (p.
The most memorable music performance of the journey took place in Yarkand, an oasis town in southern Xinjiang, a few hours away from Kashgar.
According to Pelliot, the Baluristan of Mirza Haidar is to be understood as "the mountainous tract south of Badahsan, south-west of Yarkand, west of Balti, north and north-west of Kashmir, that is to say the valleys of Chitral, Yassin, and Gilgit" and "Mirza Haidar seems to leave Baltistan out of Baluristan.