Yevpatoriya

Yevpatoriya

(yĕfpətô`rēə), city (1989 pop. 109,000), E Crimea. From 1954 part of Ukraine (then the Ukrainian SSR), it passed to Russian control in 2014 after the occupation and annexation of Crimea. Yevpatoriya is a Black Sea port, a rail hub, and a vacation and health resort. Fishing, food processing, wine making, limestone quarrying, weaving, and the manufacture of building materials, machinery, and furniture are the chief industries.

Yevpatoriya stands on the site of the ancient Greek colony of Kerkinitida, founded in the 6th cent. B.C. In the 1st cent. B.C. the area was captured by the Pontian king Mithradates VI (Mithradates Eupator), for whom the city is named. Changing hands many times, Yevpatoriya came under the control of the Turko-Tatars in the 13th cent.; they later became vassals of the Ottoman empire, which took the city in 1478. Russia annexed Yevpatoriya along with the rest of the Crimea in 1783, and during the Crimean War it was occupied (1854) by British, French, and Turkish troops. Historic landmarks include a 16th-century mosque and the ruins of the Tatar fortress (15th cent.). The name of the city is sometimes transliterated Evpatoriya or Eupatoria.

References in periodicals archive ?
The ports lost were Sevastopol, Feodosiya, Yalta, Yevpatoriya, and Kerch.
This week, BNP Paribas' subsidiary UkrSibbank closed down 18 branches in Crimea, but kept one branch in each of the cities where the majority of Crimean clients live - Simferopol, Sevastopol, Kerch, Yalta and Yevpatoriya.
Some 500 respondents were polled in large Crimean cities - Sevastopol, Simferopol, Yevpatoriya, Kerch and Feodosia.
At a Ukrainian military base at Yevpatoriya on the coast of western Crimea there were reports that the Russian forces had issued an ultimatum to surrender or be stormed.
Other attempts were made in 1999, 2001 and 2003, radio messages sent from a tracking facility Yevpatoriya in Ukraine.
Up to 700 rescuers were yesterday searching for survivors in the wreckage of the collapsed five-storey building in the Crimea peninsula resort of Yevpatoriya.
Up to 700 rescuers were searching for survivors in the wreckage of the collapsed five-story building in the Ukraine's Crimea peninsula resort of Yevpatoriya.
tauricus (Tarbinsky, 1930) Crimea: Saki, Yevpatoriya, Koktebel t.
According to the SCNR, in August 2006 the kenesa building in Yevpatoriya, Crimea was returned to the local Karaite community.
The Yevpatoriya Radio Astronomy lab in the Ukraine beams cosmic messages of the upcoming launch.
Earlier Sunday, officials of the Space Communication Center in Yevpatoriya, Ukraine, said they had lost contact with the Mars 96 spacecraft Sunday morning a few hours after it lifted off from the Baikonur space center in Kazakstan.