Yitzhak Rabin


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Rabin, Yitzhak

(yĭtskhäk` räbēn`), 1922–95, Israeli general and statesman, b. Jerusalem, the first native-born prime minister of Israel (1974–77, 1992–95). His extensive military experience began in 1940 when he joined the Haganah (Jewish militia) and thereafter fought in the British army. He rose in rank from brigade commander in the 1948 Arab-Israeli WarArab-Israeli Wars,
conflicts in 1948–49, 1956, 1967, 1973–74, and 1982 between Israel and the Arab states. Tensions between Israel and the Arabs have been complicated and heightened by the political, strategic, and economic interests in the area of the great powers.
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 to chief of staff in 1964 and was credited with Israel's military success in the Six Day War (1967). After serving as envoy to Washington (1968–73), Rabin was elected as a Labor representative to the Knesset (Israeli parliament). In Mar., 1974, he joined Golda MeirMeir, Golda
, 1898–1978, Israeli political leader, b. Kiev, Russia, originally named Golda Mabovitch. Her family emigrated to the United States in 1906, settling in Milwaukee. She became a school teacher and early involved herself in the Zionist labor movement.
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's cabinet as labor minister; after her resignation in May, Rabin succeeded her as prime minister. One of his most formidable challenges was the 1976 Entebbe raid, in which he authorized the operation of Israeli commandos in the rescue of more than 100 Jews held hostage there. Rabin resigned as prime minister in 1977 prior to Labor's loss at the polls. He was succeeded as party leader by Shimon PeresPeres, Shimon
, 1923–2016, Israeli politician, b. Wiszniew, Poland (now Vishnyeva, Belarus) as Shimon Perski. His family immigrated to Palestine in 1934; his grandparents, who remained in Poland, were killed in the Holocaust.
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. As defense minister (1984–90) in the Labor-Likud coalition government, Rabin ordered a harsh crackdown in the West BankWest Bank,
territory, formerly part of Palestine, after 1949 administered by Jordan, since 1967 largely occupied by Israel (2005 est. pop. 2,386,000), 2,165 sq mi (5,607 sq km), west of the Jordan River, incorporating the northwest quadrant of the Dead Sea.
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 in the late 1980s in an effort to end the Arab uprising there (see IntifadaIntifada
[Arab.,=uprising, shaking off], the Palestinian uprising during the late 1980s and early 90s in the West Bank and Gaza Strip, areas that had been occupied by Israel since 1967. A vehicular accident that killed four Palestinians in the Gaza Strip in Dec.
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). Rabin ousted Peres as Labor party leader in 1992 and led Labor to victory in the national elections, becoming prime minister and defense minister. Rabin played a key role in peace negotiations between Israel and its Arab neighbors, and in 1993 he endorsed a historic peace agreement with the Palestine Liberation OrganizationPalestine Liberation Organization
(PLO), coordinating council for Palestinian organizations, founded (1964) by Egypt and the Arab League and initially controlled by Egypt.
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 (PLO), providing for mutual recognition and a transition to Palestinian self-rule in the Gaza Strip and West Bank. Rabin, along with Peres and PLO leader Yasir ArafatArafat
or Arafa
, granite hill, Saudi Arabia, near Mecca. The hill was an ancient pagan sanctuary and is shrouded in many legends. It is a site for prayers during the hajj, the annual Muslim pilgrimage to Mecca. Atop the hill is a minaret, reached by broad stone steps.
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, received the Nobel Peace Prize in 1994. In 1994, Rabin signed a peace treaty with Jordan, and a 1995 agreement with the PLO expanded Palestinian self-rule. He was assassinated Nov. 4, 1995, by an Israeli law student with links to right-wing extremist groups.

Bibliography

See I. Rabinovich, Waging Peace (1999).

References in periodicals archive ?
According to the auction house, "Uri Geller amazed us when he succeeded in buying the personal binoculars of Yitzhak Rabin.
This account for general readers is published in time to commemorate the anniversary of the assassination of Israeli Prime Minister Yitzhak Rabin on November 4, 1995.
Master of Ceremonies, Charlie Rose, returned for the sixth year and shared a tribute to Yitzhak Rabin.
Clinton also said that the worst thing that happened during his term was the assassination Yitzhak Rabin.
net HOPES for a lasting peace were high in September 1993 when Israeli prime minister Yitzhak Rabin shook hands with Palestinian Yasser Arafat in front of cheering crowds on the White House lawn in Washington.
Oren reportedly telephoned his consuls general over the weekend saying US-Israel relations were at their lowest point since the 1975, when US Secretary of State Henry Kissinger pressured former Israeli Premier Yitzhak Rabin to withdraw partially from the Egyptian Sinai Desert.
Through examination of commemorations of the 1995 assassination of Israeli politician Yitzhak Rabin, Vinitzky-Seroussi (sociology and anthropology, Hebrew U.
Summary: Israeli President Shimon Peres on Saturday used a speech honoring slain premier Yitzhak Rabin to urge Palestinian leader Mahmud Abbas to stay in power despite frustrations over the peace
On 4 November 1995, Israeli Prime Minister Yitzhak Rabin was shot dead as he left a peace rally in Tel Aviv attended by about lO0,000 Israelis who backed the Rabin government's peace initiatives US President Bill Clinton said Yitzhak Rabin had given his life in the pursuit of peace.
In 1994, Mr Peres shared the Nobel Peace Prize with Israeli Prime Minister Yitzhak Rabin and Palestinian leader Yasser Arafat.
Thrust into the Middle East maelstrom as a journalist, he witnesses the birth of the Oslo peace process under Israeli prime minister Yitzhak Rabin, then watches momentum toward a lasting peace crumble in the wake of rejectionist bus bombers and revanchist Jewish settlers.
1993: The Prime Minister of Israel, Yitzhak Rabin, and the PLO leader, Yasser Arafat, shake hands on a peace deal on the White House lawn.