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(yōg'yəkär`tə, yōk'–),


(jōg'–, jōk'–), or


(jōk'–), city (1990 pop. 412,059), S Java, Indonesia, at the foot of volcanic Mt. Merapi, capital of the special region of Yogyakarta (1990 pop. 2,912,611), a former sultanate. It is the cultural center of Java, known for its artistic life, particularly its drama and dance festivals and handicraft industries. It is also the trade hub of a major rice-producing region, and there is some manufacturing. Tourism is important; the magnificent BorobudurBorobudur
or Boroboeder
, ruins of one of the finest Buddhist monuments, in central Java, Indonesia. Built by the Sailendras of Sumatra, this magnificent shrine dates from about the 9th cent.
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 temple is in the area. The vast walled palace (18th cent.) of the sultan of Yogyakarta was the provisional capital (1949–50) of the republic of Indonesia; part of it now houses Gadjah Mada Univ. Also in the city are the Islamic Univ. of Indonesia and several colleges. The town was founded (1749) by a sultan in an area which had been the center of previous cultures. It was the focus of the revolt against the Dutch (1825–30) and was the stronghold of the Indonesian independence movement from 1946 to 1950.


, Jogjakarta, Jokjakarta, Djokjakarta
a city in S Indonesia, in central Java: seat of government of Indonesia (1946--49); university (1949). Pop.: 396 711 (2000)
References in periodicals archive ?
In the ASEAN Sustainable Tourism Award category was won by Nglanggeran Tourism Village, Yogyakarta and The Nusa Dua, Bali.
Yogyakarta, [Indonesia], Feb 26 ( ANI ): An earthquake measuring 6.
Four people have been injured in the incident - quite seriously - but we still cannot determine the perpetrator's motive,'' Yogyakarta police spokesman Yulianto told AFP.
televisionscape in the Special Region of Yogyakarta in Central Java
Suhardi became the leader for APKLI Yogyakarta City in 2008, and worked alongside other district leaders in the Daerah Istimewa Yogyakarta (DIY, Province of Yogyakarta).
DUST CHAOS Rickshaw rider covers his face in Yogyakarta yesterday
The large international airport in Surabaya and airports in the cities of Yogyakarta, Solo, Bandung, Semarang and Cilacap were closed due to reduced visibility and the dangers posed to aircraft engines by ash.
The ash cloud reached 30 kilometers (18 miles) into the atmosphere and fell to earth in towns and cities across the region, including Surabaya, Indonesia's second-largest city, and even farther afield in Yogyakarta, where motorists switched on headlights in daylight.
Juanda Airport in Surabaya, Adisumarmo Airport in Solo and Adisucipto Airport in Yogyakarta are still closed," Sutopo said.
3 on the Richter scale rocked Indonesia's city of Yogyakarta on Monday night but there was no immediate report of casualties or material damage.
5 earthquake struck off Southwestern Yogyakarta in Java island at noon Saturday, the Indonesian Meteorology, Climatology and Geophysics Agency said.