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Yokuts(yō`ko͝ots), Native North Americans of S California. Their culture was essentially that of the California cultural area, and their basketry and pictographs are notable. In the late 18th cent. the Yokuts population was about 18,000; in 1990 it was under 3,000. The Yokuts, or Mariposan, languages are a branch of the Penutian linguistic family (see Native American LanguagesNative American languages,
languages of the native peoples of the Western Hemisphere and their descendants. A number of the Native American languages that were spoken at the time of the European arrival in the New World in the late 15th cent.
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See H. F. Hughes, The Valley of the Yokuts (1940).