In part 2 Frank and Goldberg introduce what they see as the pivotal event in the modern story of Yokuts sovereignty: the legal case of United States v.
9) In the Tule River history, Whaley serves as a stark example of the tribe's attempts to maintain its traditional forms of justice ("cultural sovereignty") despite active coercion by the Indian agent, Christian missionaries, and federal and state law enforcement--all of whom were working to eradicate the very Yokuts law and culture that led to the shaman's execution.
people, with their oral culture and no written language, had dwelt in California's San Joaquin Valley for "only 2000 years," says Kroeber.
Since 1989, 616 western pond turtle bone fragments have been recovered from the Creighton Ranch site at Tulare Lake, deposited in such a way as to suggest they were consumed regularly by the Southern San Joaquin Valley Yokuts throughout their occupation of the area.
Wallace, "Southern Valley Yokuts," in Handbook of North American Indians, vol.
16) Frank Forrest Latta, Handbook of Yokuts Indians (Oildale, CA: Bear State Books, 1949), 149; Thomas Jefferson Mayfield, Indian Summer: Traditional Life Among the Choi-numne Indians of California's San Joaquin Valley (Berkeley: Heyday Books and the California Historical Society, 1993).
Its reedy banks (the name Tulare comes from a Spanish word for reeds) were home to Yokuts Indians, its shallow waters home to oysters and terrapin harvested for restaurants in San Francisco.
Dioramas, baskets, and cradleboards tell the story of the Yokuts, a model switching yard and roundhouse the story of the Southern Pacific.
Having been adopted by the Choinumne Yokuts
at the age of six, Mayfield was raised to speak their language, wear their clothing, eat their foods, navigate their boats, hunt their game, and build with them their houses.
lobata once formed a 400-square-mile forest in the San Joaquin Valley, providing acorns, the main food source for the Yokuts
The essay uses examples from tribes widely separated geographically such as the Eskimo, the Ojibwa, the Aztec, the Yokuts
of California, and others to discuss songs as poetry in areas of Indian life that include cosmology, love, magic, work, and death.
You can take the 1-mile Miwok Trail through the oaks and a wildflower meadow or the paved 1/2-mile Yokuts
Trail, a self-guided nature trail.