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(yō`ko͝ots), Native North Americans of S California. Their culture was essentially that of the California cultural area, and their basketry and pictographs are notable. In the late 18th cent. the Yokuts population was about 18,000; in 1990 it was under 3,000. The Yokuts, or Mariposan, languages are a branch of the Penutian linguistic family (see Native American LanguagesNative American languages,
languages of the native peoples of the Western Hemisphere and their descendants. A number of the Native American languages that were spoken at the time of the European arrival in the New World in the late 15th cent.
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See H. F. Hughes, The Valley of the Yokuts (1940).

References in periodicals archive ?
The Yokuts people, with their oral culture and no written language, had dwelt in California's San Joaquin Valley for "only 2000 years," says Kroeber.
Since 1989, 616 western pond turtle bone fragments have been recovered from the Creighton Ranch site at Tulare Lake, deposited in such a way as to suggest they were consumed regularly by the Southern San Joaquin Valley Yokuts throughout their occupation of the area.
Wallace, "Southern Valley Yokuts," in Handbook of North American Indians, vol.
Yokuts and Western Mono ethnography II: Northern Foothill Yokuts and Western Mono, Anthropological Records 10: 143-302.
Its reedy banks (the name Tulare comes from a Spanish word for reeds) were home to Yokuts Indians, its shallow waters home to oysters and terrapin harvested for restaurants in San Francisco.
Dioramas, baskets, and cradleboards tell the story of the Yokuts, a model switching yard and roundhouse the story of the Southern Pacific.
Having been adopted by the Choinumne Yokuts at the age of six, Mayfield was raised to speak their language, wear their clothing, eat their foods, navigate their boats, hunt their game, and build with them their houses.
lobata once formed a 400-square-mile forest in the San Joaquin Valley, providing acorns, the main food source for the Yokuts Indians.
You can take the 1-mile Miwok Trail through the oaks and a wildflower meadow or the paved 1/2-mile Yokuts Trail, a self-guided nature trail.