Young Czechs

Young Czechs

 

(Narodni Strana Svobodomyslna), a Czech bourgeois liberal party that existed from 1874 to 1918.

The Young Czech party was founded on Dec. 25, 1874, by members of the internal opposition within the Czech National Party; the latter was known thereafter as the Old Czech Party. Expressing the interests of the Czech industrial bourgeoisie and well-to-do peasantry, the Young Czechs demanded the transformation by legal means of the dual Austro-Hungarian state into a tripartite Austro-Hungarian-Czech monarchy. Autonomy for the Czech lands and bourgeois democratic liberties were also sought. Among the leaders of the Young Czechs were K. Sladkovsky, Ju. Gregr, and E. Gregr; in the early 20th century they were succeeded by J. Kaizl and K. Kramaf. The party’s official publication was the newspaper Narodni listy.

In 1891 the Young Czechs decisively defeated the Old Czechs in the Reichsrat (imperial council) elections. But by the mid-1890’s the Young Czechs had shifted from opposition to support of the Hapsburg government, which led to a decline in their political influence in the Czech lands. The new program adopted by the Young Czechs in 1907 confirmed their total abandonment of their previously stated principles. In 1918 the Young Czechs merged with a number of other bourgeois parties to form the Party of Czech State Law Democracy, which in 1919 was renamed the National Democratic Party of Czechoslovakia.

K. P. GOGINA

References in periodicals archive ?
In a video released shortly after the kidnapping, the two young Czechs pleaded for the release of Pakistani neuroscientist Aafia Siddiqui, jailed in 2010 in the United States on charges of terrorist links.
5, ftn 11, first sentence should read: Masaryk and Baxa ranked among many more important politicians, including Karel Kramar (1860-1937), leader of the Young Czechs, and Vaclav Klofac (1868-1942), leader of the Czech National Socialists.
She returned to Paris in September but left again to spend a couple of weeks with the Martinus in their home at Vieux Moulin, bringing with her a friend she meta few months earlier among the young Czechs on stipend in Paris.
But there was a time after the Second World War when young Czechs, obliged to learn Russian and keen to learn English, preferred not to learn German and their elders preferred not to use it.
Young Czechs wave EU and Czech flags to celebrate the European Union enlargement during a concert in Prague's Old Town Square
Martin and the three young Czechs who accompanied him in 1991 took their final solemn vows in 1998 that the idea came up again in the community.
Fittingly enough, our first encounter was with amiable barman Jan who waved to us from our hotel's beer garden shouting a cheerful "ciao" - young Czechs seem to prefer it to the more formal "Dobry Deni".
And that means he'll now be forced to sit out the crucial clash against the highly-rated young Czechs - just as Dodds is out of Craig Brown's plans for Wednesday's senior match.
Having co-founded the Realist party, he started among the ranks of the Young Czechs and sat as a Young Czech MP in the Reichsrat from 1891 to 1893.
Now, with the import of new western trends, many young Czechs prefer mineral water, fruit juice or wine.
But 20-year-old Lampard has the backing of England Under-21 manager Peter Taylor make the big breakthrough soon after an impressive display against the technically excellent young Czechs at Ipswich on Tuesday night.
Young Czechs have adopted the philosophy and values of capitalism better than any other generation, and easily recognise their country's new priorities.

Full browser ?