Ypsilantis


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Ypsilantis

 

a family of Greek aristocrats.

Alexandras Ypsilantis. Born 1726 in Istanbul; died there Jan. 13, 1807. Grand dragoman of the Porte (1774) and hospodar of Walachia (1774–82, 1796–97) and Moldavia (1786–88). He undertook a number of measures designed to regulate taxation and develop trade and crafts in both principalities. He codified the laws in Walachia.

Konstantinos Ypsilantis. Born 1760 in Istanbul; died June 24, 1816, in Kiev. Grand dragoman of the Porte (1796–99) and hospodar of Moldavia (1799–1802) and Walachia (1802–06). Son of Alexandros. In 1807 he emigrated with his family to Russia.

Alexandros Ypsilantis. Born Dec. 12, 1792, in Constantinople; died Jan. 31, 1828, in Vienna. Major general in the Russian army (1817); participant in the Patriotic War of 1812. Son of Konstantinos. In 1816–17 he served as adjutant to Tsar Alexander I. In April 1820 he joined the secret Greek revolutionary society Philiki Etairia and became its leader. On Feb. 22 (Mar. 6), 1821, he arrived in Iaşi with the aim of raising the Balkan peoples in revolt against the Turkish yoke. In February (March) he appealed to the Greek people to rebel, formed an insurgent army, and incited a rebellion in Moldavia, which served as the signal for the beginning of the Greek War of Independence (1821–29). His position, however, was weakened by his conflict with T. Vladimirescu, the leader of the Walachian Uprising of 1821. In June 1821 Ypsilantis’ forces were crushed by the Turks in a battle near Drăgăşani.

Demetrios Ypsilantis.Born 1793; died Aug. 16, 1832, in Nav-plion. Officer in the Russian army. Alexandros’ brother. In June 1821 he came as a representative of the chief committee of the Philiki Etairia to the Peloponnesus, which was in revolt. In January 1822 the National Assembly in Epidaurus elected him chairman of the Legislative Body. In 1828 the president of Greece, Capodistrias, appointed him commander in chief of the troops of eastern Greece, and he succeeded in driving the Turks from Greek territory.

REFERENCE

Arsh, G. L. Eteristskoe dvizhenie v Rossii. Moscow, 1970.

G. L. ARSH

References in periodicals archive ?
In 1821, its leader, Alexander Ypsilantis, led a group of soldiers into Moldova to spark the uprising.
The church excommunicated Rigas Fereos, Ypsilantis and other leaders of the revolution whom it described in the notorious excommunication notice, as "arrogant, glory-seeking and vainglorious".
Rafael del Riego en Espana y Sergei Muraviov-Apostol en Rusia fueron ahorcados; el greco-ruso Alexander Ypsilantis acabo en prision; el napolitano Guglielmo Pepe huyo hacia el exilio, siendo ejecutados dos de sus compatriotas.
For the really telling contrast in Pushkin's final lines concerns two contemporary Alexanders, on the one hand the Russian tsar, and on the other the Greek insurgent Alexander Ypsilantis (1792-1828).
Rafael del Riego of Spain and Sergei Murav'ev-Apostol of Russia were hanged; the Russo-Greek Alexander Ypsilantis landed in prison; the Neapolitan Guglielmo Pepe escaped into exile, and two of his compatriots were executed.
Legrand, Elements biographiques sur Athanase Comnene Ypsilantis, in Ephemerides Daces, tome li, Paris, 1880-1888.
Being verified to Level 3 Plus is a major milestone for Rypos, "it's a benchmark for the industry we are in," said Evan Ypsilantis, director, sales at the Holliston, Mass.
En 1955, los fisicos Emilio Segre, Owen Chamberlain, Clyde Weingand y Tom Ypsilantis localizaron un antiproton, o sea un proton de carga negativa y al ano siguiente Bruce Cork, Oreste Piccione, William Wenzel y Glen Lambert encontraron un antineutron.
It was the ill-fated Ypsilantis rising in Moldavia in 1821 which Alexander immediately condemned, abandoning the Greek rebels to defeat by Ottoman troops.
Evan Ypsilantis, Vice President for AccuFile said, "AccuFile is excited about becoming a partner with a network systems integrator that delivers state-of-the-art services.
Senator Debbie Stabenow, Ranking Member of the Senate Committee on Agriculture, Nutrition and Forestry, announced $231,000 to expand Ypsilantis popular farmers markets and complete a new indoor-outdoor market that will be open year-round.