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a territory in the northwestern part of Canada, along the coast of the Arctic Ocean. Bordering on Alaska (United States) in the west, the Yukon Territory has an area of 536,000 sq km and a population (1976) of 21,400. The administrative and economic center is Whitehorse. Other cities and towns include Watson Lake, Dawson, and Mayo. The territory occupies the eastern part of the Yukon Plateau.
The territory’s development was linked to the discovery of gold deposits in 1896 (the Klondike gold rush). Various minerals are extracted: copper at New Imperial, asbestos at Clinton Creek, silver and complex ores at Keno Hill and Anvill, coal at Carmacks, gold at Dawson, and tungsten at Tungsten. Salmon, trout, grayling, and whitefish are caught commercially.