Yusuf ibn Tashfin


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Yusuf ibn Tashfin

(yo͞oso͝of` ĭ`bən täshfēn`), d. 1106, ruler in the dynasty of the AlmoravidsAlmoravids
, Berber Muslim dynasty that ruled Morocco and Muslim Spain in the 11th and 12th cent. The Almoravids may have originated in what is now Mauritania. The real founder was Abd Allah ibn Yasin, who by military force converted a number of Saharan tribes to his own
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 (c.1059–1106). A Muslim, he led the Berbers in N Africa, continued the conquest of Morocco, took Algeria, and founded (1062) Marrakech, which became his capital. When the petty Moorish kings of Spain appealed for help against the Christians, he entered S Spain and with the help of the local kings decisively defeated (1086) Alfonso VIAlfonso VI,
1030–1109, Spanish king of León (1065–1109) and Castile (1072–1109). He inherited León from his father, Ferdinand I. Defeated by his brother Sancho II of Castile, he fled to the Moorish court of Toledo.
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 of León and Castile. In 1090 he again invaded Spain. Turning conqueror, he annexed all the Moorish territories of Spain except Zarogoza. His empire was inherited by his son Ali.
References in periodicals archive ?
It was originally a fortified castle built by Almoravid dynasty during the era of Yusuf Ibn Tashfin and became an important place during the Almohad Caliphate.
al-Abyari [Cairo: Dar al-Kitab al-Misri, and Beirut: Dar al-Kitab al-Lubnani, 1989], 3: 856), and conclusive evidence against it, as we will see below, is a letter that al-Ghazali wrote to Yusuf ibn Tashfin testifying that Abu Bakr and his father publicly praised the Almoravids in Mecca while on pilgrimage.
He spoke about great Moroccan personalities such as Yusuf ibn Tashfin, o[umlaut]Abd al Karim al Khattabi and Tariq bin Ziyad, who have contributed to the Islamic history.
In the letter, the driver of the car bomb in the Nema attack is identified as Yusuf ibn Tashfin.
Moreover, only the loss of his fleet in a storm prevented the Almoravid leader, Yusuf ibn Tashfin, from invading in 1105 or 1106.