Yves Saint Laurent


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Saint Laurent, Yves

(ēv săN lôräN`), 1936–2008, French fashion designer, b. Oran, Algeria, as Yves Henri Donat Mathieu-Saint-Laurent. Moving to Paris at 17, he ultimately established houses of couture and boutiques there and in New York. He was the foremost assistant to Christian DiorDior, Christian
, 1905–57, French fashion designer. He established his main house of couture in Paris (1946) and by 1958 had salons in 15 countries employing more than 2,000 people.
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 and became his designated successor as head of the House of Dior at the age of 21. His early collections were noted for their maverick quality, and his work of the 1960s and 70s helped to democratize the world of fashion. His last Dior collection (1960) featured the "chic beatnik" look: knitted turtlenecks, thigh-length boots, and short black leather jackets. He opened his own Paris house in 1961, in partnership with Pierre Bergé (1930–2017); Bergé, Saint Laurent's romantic partner until the 1980s, ran much of the business end of the house until it closed. In the following years Saint Laurent revolutionized the fashion world by creating trousers for day and evening wear and broad-shouldered suits that were images of power for women. His other designs include sophisticated tweed suits, the Mondrian dress, pleated skirts, safari jackets, pea coats, updated peasant costumes, le smoking (tuxedos for women), and heavy costume jewelry. His focus on an androgynous look was extremely influential in the fashion of the 1970s. He also designed for the Ballets de Roland Petit. By the mid-1970s, at the height of his success, his design empire included sweaters, neckties, eyeglass cases, linens, children's clothes, and fragrances. Gucci acquired his ready-to-wear and cosmetics divisions in 2000. Saint Laurent retired and closed his house in 2002.

Bibliography

See D. Teboul, Yves Saint Laurent: 5, Avenue Marceau, 75116 Paris (2002); A. Drake, The Beautiful Fall: Lagerfeld, Saint Laurent, and Glorious Excess in 1970s Paris (2006); two documentary films dir. by D. Teboul, one of the same title as his book, the other Yves Saint Laurent: His Life and Times (both: 2003).

References in periodicals archive ?
In 1966 he opened Yves Saint Laurent Rive Gauche, the first-ever designer ready-to-wear boutique on Rue de Tournon, behind the Luxembourg Gardens.
There were references to the Rive Gauche ready-to-wear designs of Yves Saint Laurent himself in 1967, which empowered women by putting them in business pantsuits but reborn as seductive uniforms for day or night.
There were nods to signature Yves Saint Laurent designs like the Le Smoking jacket and the tux - which was worked into a very modern sleeveless design - while overtones of the Eighties shone through in the lame cocktail dresses.
Olga Sahraoui is largely inspired by Yves Saint Laurent, as she sees floral design deeply based in fashion and art.
Apparel and accessories company Kering (Paris:KER) announced on Friday that Hedi Slimane, creative and image director of the Maison Yves Saint Laurent brand, has left the company.
De Gunzburg spent 15 years working as International Creative Director at Yves Saint Laurent where she created the cult makeup product Touche .
Saint Laurent is the fifth feature-length work on the eminent designer, following three documentaries (David Teboul's 2002 diptych Yves Saint Laurent: His Life and Times and Yves Saint Laurent: 5 Avenue Marceau 75116 Paris and Pierre Thoretton's L'amour fou of 2010) and Jalil Lespert's biopic Yves Saint Laurent, which was released in France just four months before Bonello's film premiered at Cannes last May.
Some of his collections won rave reviews, others sparked controversy, but they never failed to stir conversation, inspire trends, and point to the future and Pierre Niney starred as the fashion designer earlier this year in the movie Yves Saint Laurent.
I was like, 'Wow,' but from that point on I decided to just focus on my own Yves Saint Laurent movie.
YVES SAINT LAURENT 15 The first of two movie biographies about the French fashion icon takes us from his early days with Dior to his death at 52.
THE life of the late, great fashion designer Yves Saint Laurent, inset, has been brought to the big screen - and the film is as visually stunning as his clothes were.
Wellington, June 22 ( ANI ): Iconic fashion house Yves Saint Laurent is all set to be rebranded as Saint Laurent.