Yvette Chauviré

(redirected from Yvette Chauvire)

Chauviré, Yvette

 

Born Apr. 22, 1917, in Paris. French ballerina.

From 1927 to 1931, Chauviré studied at the Paris Opéra school, and from 1941 she was a leading soloist with the Paris Opéra Ballet. She also appeared with Les Ballets des Champs-Elysées, La Scala Opera Ballet, and the Festival Ballet. She was an outstanding representative of the French school of classical dance. Her dancing, highly refined and dramatic, was characterized by high mastery, a keen sense of style, and meticulous attention to detail. Chauviré became particularly known for her interpretations of contemporary works, such as one of the mirages in the allegorical ballet Les Mirages by Sauguet, and for her performances in other ballets of the choreographer S. Lifar, including d’Indy’s Istar and Leleu’s Nautéos. In the classical repertoire, her best role was the title role in Adam’s Giselle.

In the 1960’s, Chauviré was director of the Paris Opéra school. She made her last stage appearance in 1972, at the Paris Opéra. A prize named for her was established in France in 1972. Chauviré performed in the USSR many times.

WORKS

la—balerina. Moscow, 1977.

REFERENCE

Cuillot de Rode, F. Yvette Chauviré. Paris, 1949.
References in periodicals archive ?
Among his many ballet partners were Alicia Markova, Irina Baronova, Agnes de Mille, Ruthanna Boris, Yvette Chauvire, Moira Shearer, Rosella Hightower, Maria Tallchief, Tamara Toumanova, and Alicia Alonso.
Two of the legendary French dancers of the last century were the extraordinary Jean Babilee and the ballerina Yvette Chauvire.
France has produced many celebrated soubrette dancers--such as Zizi Jeanmaire and Colette Marchand--but apart from the unique Balanchine-oriented, Franco-American Violette Verdy and the more recently celebrated Sylvie Guillem, only two French prima ballerinas have won international accolades: Yvette Chauvire, born in 1917, and Nina Vyroubova, born four years later in the Crimea.
Occasionally my train of nostalgia would be interrupted by Vasiliev's mention of such recognizable names as Yvette Chauvire, Eva Evdokimova, Maurice Bejart, John Neumeier, and the conductor Mexander Kopylov, all of whom were being honored for their "selfless service to the art of dance.
Even a two-week immersion season by the company at Covent Garden in 1954 (my diaries note that I saw eighteen ballets, mostly by Serge Lifar, spread over fourteen performances) did nothing to make me a fan, despite the presence of both the wondrous Yvette Chauvire and the lustrous Nina Vyroubova, two of my most beloved ballerinas of the twentieth century.
It features Yvette Chauvire, prima ballerina at what was then called the National Opera of Paris; 12-year-old Janine Charrat, who became a prima ballerina a few years later at the same institution; and Yugoslav dancer Mia Slavenska, eventually a star of Serge Denham's Ballet Russe de Monte Carlo.
With his raspy voice and animated gesturing, he cajoles dancers in rehearsals or delights them in his memorabilia-laden apartment with passionate and irreverent recollections of his formidable career--dancing with Olga Spessivtseva, creating a role for Serge Lifar, forming a partnership with Yvette Chauvire.
However, I have actually seen, with the exception of Marina Semyonova, all the other contestants for greatness in this century and although many appeal, particularly Alicia Markova, Alexandra Danilova, Yvette Chauvire, and Maya Plisetskaya, I think I would have to choose Margot Fonteyn and Galina Ulanova.
Yvette Chauvire, one of the young stars nurtured by Lifar, took the witness stand in a tutu: "Thanks to the maitre," she testified, "the Paris Opera was saved.
Actually, although this was my first sight of the Paris Opera Ballet, I had already seen many French dancers, including some of those from the Opera, in London--ranging from such spiffy newcomers as Jean Babilee (one of the three or four great male dancers of the century), Yvette Chauvire (France's Fonteyn), Nina Vyroubova, Vladimir Skouratoff, Rende Jeanmaire, and some somewhat shaky upholders of the ancien regime as Solange Schwarz, Lucette Louvray, Serge Peretti, and even Lifar, himself.
It was there that she taught and coached such dancers as Yvette Chauvire, Zizi Jeanmaire, Tatiana Riabouchinska, Andre Eglevsky, and Margot Fonteyn.